Mechanical chest compressions for cardiac arrest in the cath-lab: When is it enough and who should go to extracorporeal cardio pulmonary resuscitation?

Bjarne Madsen Hardig, Karl B. Kern, Henrik Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Treating patients in cardiac arrest (CA) with mechanical chest compressions (MCC) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now routine in many coronary catheterization laboratories (cath-lab) and more aggressive treatment modalities, including extracorporeal CPR are becoming more common. The cath-lab setting enables monitoring of vital physiological parameters and other clinical factors that can potentially guide the resuscitation effort. This retrospective analysis attempts to identify such factors associated with ROSC and survival. Methods: In thirty-five patients of which background data, drugs used during the resuscitation and the intervention, PCI result, post ROSC-treatment and physiologic data collected during CPR were compared for prediction of ROSC and survival. Results: Eighteen (51%) patients obtained ROSC and 9 (26%) patients survived with good neurological outcome. There was no difference between groups in regards of background data. Patients arriving in the cath-lab with ongoing resuscitation efforts had lower ROSC rate (22% vs 53%; p = 0.086) and no survivors (0% vs 50%, p = 0.001). CPR time also differentiated resuscitation outcomes (ROSC: 18 min vs No ROSC: 50 min; p = 0.007 and Survivors: 10 min vs No Survivors: 45 min; p = 0.001). Higher arterial diastolic blood pressure was associated with ROSC: 30 mmHg vs No ROSC: 19 mmHg; p = 0.012). Conclusion: Aortic diastolic pressure during CPR is the most predictive physiological parameter of resuscitation success. Ongoing CPR upon arrival at the cath-lab and continued MCC beyond 10-20 min in the cath-lab were both predictive of poor outcomes. These factors can potentially guide decisions regarding escalation and termination of resuscitation efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cath-lab
  • Mechanical CPR
  • PCI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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