Mechanisms affecting the composition of Hot Jupiters atmospheres

Vivien Parmentier, Tristan Guillot, Adam Showman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Opacities and thus local chemical composition play a key role when characterizing exoplanet atmospheres from observations. When the gas is in chemical equilibrium the chemical abundances depend strongly on the temperature profile. Grey models tend to overestimate the temperatures in the upper atmosphere. We present a new analytical model with a more realistic description of the radiative cooling in the infrared. Mechanisms like quenching and cold traps can drive the upper atmosphere far from its chemical equilibrium. The efficiency of these mechanisms depends on the strength of the vertical mixing. Using 3D global circulation models of HD209458b including passive tracers, we show that, although Hot Jupiter atmospheres are stably stratified, they are strongly mixed by planetary scale circulation patterns. We provide a rough estimate of the effective vertical mixing coefficient in Hot Jupiter atmosphere which can be used in 1D models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEPJ Web of Conferences
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
EventConference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars - Garching, Germany
Duration: Nov 12 2012Nov 16 2012

Other

OtherConference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars
CountryGermany
CityGarching
Period11/12/1211/16/12

Fingerprint

Jupiter atmosphere
upper atmosphere
chemical equilibrium
cold traps
extrasolar planets
opacity
temperature profiles
tracers
chemical composition
quenching
traps
cooling
atmospheres
coefficients
estimates
gases
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Parmentier, V., Guillot, T., & Showman, A. (2013). Mechanisms affecting the composition of Hot Jupiters atmospheres. In EPJ Web of Conferences (Vol. 47). [12001] https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20134712001

Mechanisms affecting the composition of Hot Jupiters atmospheres. / Parmentier, Vivien; Guillot, Tristan; Showman, Adam.

EPJ Web of Conferences. Vol. 47 2013. 12001.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Parmentier, V, Guillot, T & Showman, A 2013, Mechanisms affecting the composition of Hot Jupiters atmospheres. in EPJ Web of Conferences. vol. 47, 12001, Conference on Hot Planets and Cool Stars, Garching, Germany, 11/12/12. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20134712001
Parmentier, Vivien ; Guillot, Tristan ; Showman, Adam. / Mechanisms affecting the composition of Hot Jupiters atmospheres. EPJ Web of Conferences. Vol. 47 2013.
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