Medication error identification rates by pharmacy, medical, and nursing students

Terri L. Warholak, Caryn Queiruga, Rebecca Roush, Hanna Phan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To assess and compare prescribing error-identification rates by health professional students. Methods. Medical, pharmacy, and nursing students were asked to complete a questionnaire on which they evaluated the accuracy of 3 prescriptions and indicated the type of error found, if any. The number of correctly identified prescribing errors and the number of correct types of errors identified were compared and error identification rates for each group were calculated. Results. One hundred seventy-five questionnaires were returned (87% response rate). Pharmacy students had a significantly higher error-identification rate than medical and nursing students (p < 0.001). No significant differences were found between medical and nursing students (p = 0.88). Compared to medical students, pharmacy students more often were able to identify correctly the error type for each prescription (p < 0.001; p = 0.023; p = 0.001). Conclusions. Of the 3 student groups, pharmacy students demonstrated a significantly higher error-identification rate, which may be associated with the greater number of pharmacology and pharmacotherapeutics course hours that pharmacy students complete.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Medication error
  • Prescription
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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