Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex

Desirée A. White, Michael J. Taylor, Carol Mack, David P. Salmon, Guerry Peavy, T Lee Ryan, Robert K. Heaton, J. Hampton Atkinson, James L. Chandler, Igor Grant, Mark Kelly, Mark R. Wallace, J. Allen McCutchan, Stephen A. Spector, Leon Thal, John Hesselink, Terry Jernigan, Eliezer Masliah, Clayton A. Wiley, Ian AbramsonNelson Butters, Rene Dupont, Thomas Patterson, Sidney Zisook, Dilip Jeste, Hans Sieburg, James D. Weinrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patterns of memory performance were examined for 9 participants with HIV-associated dementia (HAD), 15 HIV-seropositive participants without dementia, and 15 HIV-seronegative controls. Episodic and semantic memory were assessed using the California Verbal Learning Test, the Boston Naming Test, and Verbal Fluency tests. The HAD group showed deficits in episodic memory, with relative sparing of semantic memory. In addition, results suggest a retrieval deficit in HAD rather than a deficit in retention of information. This pattern is consistent with the presence of a subcortical dementing process and supports findings from previous neuropathological, neuroimaging, and neuropsychological studies suggesting that subcortical brain dysfunction is frequently associated with HIV disease (e.g., Navia, Jordan, and Price, 1986).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume19
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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AIDS Dementia Complex
Episodic Memory
Semantics
HIV
Verbal Learning
Jordan
Neuroimaging
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

White, D. A., Taylor, M. J., Mack, C., Salmon, D. P., Peavy, G., Ryan, T. L., ... Weinrich, J. D. (1997). Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 19(3), 357-366.

Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex. / White, Desirée A.; Taylor, Michael J.; Mack, Carol; Salmon, David P.; Peavy, Guerry; Ryan, T Lee; Heaton, Robert K.; Atkinson, J. Hampton; Chandler, James L.; Grant, Igor; Kelly, Mark; Wallace, Mark R.; McCutchan, J. Allen; Spector, Stephen A.; Thal, Leon; Hesselink, John; Jernigan, Terry; Masliah, Eliezer; Wiley, Clayton A.; Abramson, Ian; Butters, Nelson; Dupont, Rene; Patterson, Thomas; Zisook, Sidney; Jeste, Dilip; Sieburg, Hans; Weinrich, James D.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1997, p. 357-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

White, DA, Taylor, MJ, Mack, C, Salmon, DP, Peavy, G, Ryan, TL, Heaton, RK, Atkinson, JH, Chandler, JL, Grant, I, Kelly, M, Wallace, MR, McCutchan, JA, Spector, SA, Thal, L, Hesselink, J, Jernigan, T, Masliah, E, Wiley, CA, Abramson, I, Butters, N, Dupont, R, Patterson, T, Zisook, S, Jeste, D, Sieburg, H & Weinrich, JD 1997, 'Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex', Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 357-366.
White, Desirée A. ; Taylor, Michael J. ; Mack, Carol ; Salmon, David P. ; Peavy, Guerry ; Ryan, T Lee ; Heaton, Robert K. ; Atkinson, J. Hampton ; Chandler, James L. ; Grant, Igor ; Kelly, Mark ; Wallace, Mark R. ; McCutchan, J. Allen ; Spector, Stephen A. ; Thal, Leon ; Hesselink, John ; Jernigan, Terry ; Masliah, Eliezer ; Wiley, Clayton A. ; Abramson, Ian ; Butters, Nelson ; Dupont, Rene ; Patterson, Thomas ; Zisook, Sidney ; Jeste, Dilip ; Sieburg, Hans ; Weinrich, James D. / Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex. In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 1997 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 357-366.
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T1 - Memory for verbal information in individuals with HIV-associated dementia complex

AU - White, Desirée A.

AU - Taylor, Michael J.

AU - Mack, Carol

AU - Salmon, David P.

AU - Peavy, Guerry

AU - Ryan, T Lee

AU - Heaton, Robert K.

AU - Atkinson, J. Hampton

AU - Chandler, James L.

AU - Grant, Igor

AU - Kelly, Mark

AU - Wallace, Mark R.

AU - McCutchan, J. Allen

AU - Spector, Stephen A.

AU - Thal, Leon

AU - Hesselink, John

AU - Jernigan, Terry

AU - Masliah, Eliezer

AU - Wiley, Clayton A.

AU - Abramson, Ian

AU - Butters, Nelson

AU - Dupont, Rene

AU - Patterson, Thomas

AU - Zisook, Sidney

AU - Jeste, Dilip

AU - Sieburg, Hans

AU - Weinrich, James D.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

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