Memory Impairment and Executive Control in Individuals with Stroke-Induced Aphasia

Pelagie M Beeson, K. A. Bayles, A. B. Rubens, Alfred W Kaszniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine memory abilities of aphasic individuals in relation to site of neurological lesion. Fourteen individuals with stroke-induced aphasia (7 with anterior lesions; 7 with posterior lesions) and 14 demographically matched control subjects were given selected tests of short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM). Stroke patients were impaired relative to control subjects on tests of verbal memory, with greater impairment of LTM associated with anterior lesions and greater impairment of STM associated with posterior lesions. Verbal memory performance did not correlate highly with language ability, and did not appear to be simply a consequence of language impairment. Executive control deficits were postulated as explanatory of the LTM impairment with anterior lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-275
Number of pages23
JournalBrain and Language
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993

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Long-Term Memory
Aphasia
Executive Function
speech disorder
stroke
Aptitude
Stroke
Short-Term Memory
Language
Executive Control
Impairment
Lesion
ability
language
deficit
Long-term Memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Language and Linguistics

Cite this

Memory Impairment and Executive Control in Individuals with Stroke-Induced Aphasia. / Beeson, Pelagie M; Bayles, K. A.; Rubens, A. B.; Kaszniak, Alfred W.

In: Brain and Language, Vol. 45, No. 2, 08.1993, p. 253-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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