Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococcal osteomyelitis and its relationship to broad-spectrum oral antibiosis in a predominantly diabetic population

David G Armstrong, J. Lanthier, P. Lelievre, G. W. Edelson

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Awareness of the virulence of coagulase-negative Staphylococci, previously regarded as saprophytes with minimal pathogenicity, has steadily increased. Eighty-seven individual patients diagnosed with acute osteomyelitis, as confirmed by microbiologic and pathologic analysis, were included in this study. Of these patients, 82% (71/87) were known to have diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of coagulase negative Staphylococcus was 40% (35/87) in deep bone cultures, 63% (22/35) of which were methicillin resistant. When the coagulase negative Staphylococcus group was assessed for prior long-term (>2 week) oral antibiotic treatment with ciprofloxacin, it was found that 54% (12/22) of the methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcal infected patients had received such treatment, compared with 15% (2/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p < 0.034). When the group was analyzed for prior long-term antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate, 23% (5/22) of the methicillin-resistant patients had received oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, compared with 23% (3/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase- negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p > 0.05). Prevalence of polymicrobial infections, which constituted 29% (25/87) of all individual patients, was also analyzed. Of those patients with coagulase-negative isolates, 29% (10/35) were polymicrobial (p > 0.05). The results from this study suggest that infections of bone caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci are associated with a high prevalence of methicillin resistance. This study also raises the question of whether injudicious prolonged use of ciprofloxacin may, in fact, promote proliferation of resistant organism strains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-566
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume34
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Antibiosis
Methicillin Resistance
Coagulase
Osteomyelitis
Staphylococcus
Population
Ciprofloxacin
Virulence
Bone and Bones
Methicillin
Coinfection
Diabetes Mellitus
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{571c861147a643d18e0dd08e1b7e07d3,
title = "Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococcal osteomyelitis and its relationship to broad-spectrum oral antibiosis in a predominantly diabetic population",
abstract = "Awareness of the virulence of coagulase-negative Staphylococci, previously regarded as saprophytes with minimal pathogenicity, has steadily increased. Eighty-seven individual patients diagnosed with acute osteomyelitis, as confirmed by microbiologic and pathologic analysis, were included in this study. Of these patients, 82{\%} (71/87) were known to have diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of coagulase negative Staphylococcus was 40{\%} (35/87) in deep bone cultures, 63{\%} (22/35) of which were methicillin resistant. When the coagulase negative Staphylococcus group was assessed for prior long-term (>2 week) oral antibiotic treatment with ciprofloxacin, it was found that 54{\%} (12/22) of the methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcal infected patients had received such treatment, compared with 15{\%} (2/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p < 0.034). When the group was analyzed for prior long-term antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate, 23{\%} (5/22) of the methicillin-resistant patients had received oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, compared with 23{\%} (3/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase- negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p > 0.05). Prevalence of polymicrobial infections, which constituted 29{\%} (25/87) of all individual patients, was also analyzed. Of those patients with coagulase-negative isolates, 29{\%} (10/35) were polymicrobial (p > 0.05). The results from this study suggest that infections of bone caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci are associated with a high prevalence of methicillin resistance. This study also raises the question of whether injudicious prolonged use of ciprofloxacin may, in fact, promote proliferation of resistant organism strains.",
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T1 - Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococcal osteomyelitis and its relationship to broad-spectrum oral antibiosis in a predominantly diabetic population

AU - Armstrong, David G

AU - Lanthier, J.

AU - Lelievre, P.

AU - Edelson, G. W.

PY - 1995

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N2 - Awareness of the virulence of coagulase-negative Staphylococci, previously regarded as saprophytes with minimal pathogenicity, has steadily increased. Eighty-seven individual patients diagnosed with acute osteomyelitis, as confirmed by microbiologic and pathologic analysis, were included in this study. Of these patients, 82% (71/87) were known to have diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of coagulase negative Staphylococcus was 40% (35/87) in deep bone cultures, 63% (22/35) of which were methicillin resistant. When the coagulase negative Staphylococcus group was assessed for prior long-term (>2 week) oral antibiotic treatment with ciprofloxacin, it was found that 54% (12/22) of the methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcal infected patients had received such treatment, compared with 15% (2/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p < 0.034). When the group was analyzed for prior long-term antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate, 23% (5/22) of the methicillin-resistant patients had received oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, compared with 23% (3/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase- negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p > 0.05). Prevalence of polymicrobial infections, which constituted 29% (25/87) of all individual patients, was also analyzed. Of those patients with coagulase-negative isolates, 29% (10/35) were polymicrobial (p > 0.05). The results from this study suggest that infections of bone caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci are associated with a high prevalence of methicillin resistance. This study also raises the question of whether injudicious prolonged use of ciprofloxacin may, in fact, promote proliferation of resistant organism strains.

AB - Awareness of the virulence of coagulase-negative Staphylococci, previously regarded as saprophytes with minimal pathogenicity, has steadily increased. Eighty-seven individual patients diagnosed with acute osteomyelitis, as confirmed by microbiologic and pathologic analysis, were included in this study. Of these patients, 82% (71/87) were known to have diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of coagulase negative Staphylococcus was 40% (35/87) in deep bone cultures, 63% (22/35) of which were methicillin resistant. When the coagulase negative Staphylococcus group was assessed for prior long-term (>2 week) oral antibiotic treatment with ciprofloxacin, it was found that 54% (12/22) of the methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcal infected patients had received such treatment, compared with 15% (2/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p < 0.034). When the group was analyzed for prior long-term antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate, 23% (5/22) of the methicillin-resistant patients had received oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, compared with 23% (3/13) of patients with methicillin-sensitive coagulase- negative Staphylococcal osteomyelitis (p > 0.05). Prevalence of polymicrobial infections, which constituted 29% (25/87) of all individual patients, was also analyzed. Of those patients with coagulase-negative isolates, 29% (10/35) were polymicrobial (p > 0.05). The results from this study suggest that infections of bone caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci are associated with a high prevalence of methicillin resistance. This study also raises the question of whether injudicious prolonged use of ciprofloxacin may, in fact, promote proliferation of resistant organism strains.

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