Method for production of aligned nanofibers and fiber elasticity measurement

R. Kyselica, E. T. Enikov, R. Anton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel method for collection of electrospun polymer nanofibers is proposed. This method can be applied to extrusion of various polymers and deposition on various types of substrates or without use of a substrate at all. The fiber is forced to alternate in its deposit in between two different segments of a collector electrode by a pair of square electric potential functions in anti-phase applied to these two electrode segments. As the fiber oscillation frequency is equal to the potential function frequency, the fiber deposition rate in between these two collector segments can be controlled. If an electrically non-conductive material is placed in between the two segments of the collector electrode, aligned fibers are simply deposited on the surface of this material. The method is used to perform stiffness measurements of the fibers demonstrating Young's modulus of 200.1 MPa with a standard deviation of 30.7 MPa. The stiffness measurement does not require any specialized equipment and requires minimal sample preparation. A sample consists of known amount of aligned fibers collected between a pair of thin coaxial rods leading to a cylindrical bundle with known number of fibers. A tensile test is then performed to obtain stress-strain curve and to find the Young's modulus of the fiber material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104151
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume113
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Alignment
  • Electrodynamic steering
  • Fiber stiffness
  • Nanofiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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