Mexico's methamphetamine precursor chemical interventions: Impacts on drug treatment admissions

James K Cunningham, Ietza Bojorquez, Octavio Campollo, Lon Mu Liu, Jane Carlisle Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To help counter problems related to methamphetamine, Mexico has implemented interventions targeting pseudoephedrine and ephedrine, the precursor chemicals commonly used in the drug's synthesis. This study examines whether the interventions impacted methamphetamine treatment admissions-an indicator of methamphetamine consequences. Design: Quasi-experiment: autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA)-based intervention time-series analysis. Interventions: precursor chemical restrictions implemented beginning November 2005; major rogue precursor chemical company closed (including possibly the largest single drug-cash seizure in history) March 2007; precursor chemicals banned from Mexico (North America's first precursor ban) August 2008. Settings: Mexico and Texas (1996-2008). Measurements: Monthly treatment admissions for methamphetamine (intervention series) and cocaine, heroin and alcohol (quasi-control series). Findings: The precursor restriction was associated with temporary methamphetamine admissions decreases of 12% in Mexico and 11% in Texas. The company closure was associated with decreases of 56% in Mexico and 48% in Texas; these decreases generally remained to the end of the study period. Neither intervention was associated with significant changes in the Mexico or Texas quasi-control series. The analysis of Mexico's ban was indeterminate due largely to a short post-ban series. Conclusions: This study, one of the first quasi-experimental analyses of an illicit-drug policy in Mexico, indicates that the country's precursor interventions were associated with positive impacts domestically and in one of the Unites States' most populous states-Texas. These interventions, coupled with previous US and Canadian interventions, amount to a new, relatively cohesive level of methamphetamine precursor control across North America's largest nations, raising the possibility that the impacts found here could continue for an extended period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1973-1983
Number of pages11
JournalAddiction
Volume105
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Methamphetamine
Mexico
Pharmaceutical Preparations
North America
Pseudoephedrine
Ephedrine
Heroin
Street Drugs
Cocaine
Seizures
History
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Intervention time series analysis
  • Methamphetamine
  • Mexico
  • Precursor chemicals
  • Texas
  • Treatment admissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mexico's methamphetamine precursor chemical interventions : Impacts on drug treatment admissions. / Cunningham, James K; Bojorquez, Ietza; Campollo, Octavio; Liu, Lon Mu; Maxwell, Jane Carlisle.

In: Addiction, Vol. 105, No. 11, 11.2010, p. 1973-1983.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cunningham, James K ; Bojorquez, Ietza ; Campollo, Octavio ; Liu, Lon Mu ; Maxwell, Jane Carlisle. / Mexico's methamphetamine precursor chemical interventions : Impacts on drug treatment admissions. In: Addiction. 2010 ; Vol. 105, No. 11. pp. 1973-1983.
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abstract = "Aims: To help counter problems related to methamphetamine, Mexico has implemented interventions targeting pseudoephedrine and ephedrine, the precursor chemicals commonly used in the drug's synthesis. This study examines whether the interventions impacted methamphetamine treatment admissions-an indicator of methamphetamine consequences. Design: Quasi-experiment: autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA)-based intervention time-series analysis. Interventions: precursor chemical restrictions implemented beginning November 2005; major rogue precursor chemical company closed (including possibly the largest single drug-cash seizure in history) March 2007; precursor chemicals banned from Mexico (North America's first precursor ban) August 2008. Settings: Mexico and Texas (1996-2008). Measurements: Monthly treatment admissions for methamphetamine (intervention series) and cocaine, heroin and alcohol (quasi-control series). Findings: The precursor restriction was associated with temporary methamphetamine admissions decreases of 12{\%} in Mexico and 11{\%} in Texas. The company closure was associated with decreases of 56{\%} in Mexico and 48{\%} in Texas; these decreases generally remained to the end of the study period. Neither intervention was associated with significant changes in the Mexico or Texas quasi-control series. The analysis of Mexico's ban was indeterminate due largely to a short post-ban series. Conclusions: This study, one of the first quasi-experimental analyses of an illicit-drug policy in Mexico, indicates that the country's precursor interventions were associated with positive impacts domestically and in one of the Unites States' most populous states-Texas. These interventions, coupled with previous US and Canadian interventions, amount to a new, relatively cohesive level of methamphetamine precursor control across North America's largest nations, raising the possibility that the impacts found here could continue for an extended period.",
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