Microbial electrolysis cells with polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotube-modified biocathodes

Yingwen Chen, Yuan Xu, Liuliu Chen, Peiwen Li, Shemin Zhu, Shubao Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we modified biocathodes with PANI (Polyaniline)/MWCNT (Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube) composites to improve hydrogen production in single-chamber, membrane-free biocathode MECs. The results showed that the hydrogen production rates increased with an increase in applied voltage. At an applied voltage of 0.9 V, the modified biocathode MECs achieved a hydrogen production rate of 0.67m3m- 3d-1, current density of 205 Am-3, COD of 86.8%, coulombic efficiency of 72%, cathodic hydrogen recovery of 42%, and energy efficiency of 81% with respect to the electrical power input. LSV (Linear Sweep Voltammetry) scans, SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) images and DGGE (Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis) demonstrated that hydrogen production is catalyzed by the special biofilm attached on a modified biocathode, and the microorganism species and quantity present were significantly different between the modified biocathode and the non-modified biocathode. In general, the performance of MECs with modified biocathodes was improved in the presence of a higher current density and hydrogen generation rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-384
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy
Volume88
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Regenerative fuel cells
Polyaniline
Hydrogen production
Carbon nanotubes
Current density
Hydrogen
Biofilms
Electric potential
Voltammetry
Electrophoresis
Microorganisms
Energy efficiency
Gels
Membranes
Recovery
Scanning electron microscopy
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Hydrogen production
  • Microbial electrolysis cell
  • Modified biocathode
  • Polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Pollution

Cite this

Microbial electrolysis cells with polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotube-modified biocathodes. / Chen, Yingwen; Xu, Yuan; Chen, Liuliu; Li, Peiwen; Zhu, Shemin; Shen, Shubao.

In: Energy, Vol. 88, 01.08.2015, p. 377-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Yingwen ; Xu, Yuan ; Chen, Liuliu ; Li, Peiwen ; Zhu, Shemin ; Shen, Shubao. / Microbial electrolysis cells with polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotube-modified biocathodes. In: Energy. 2015 ; Vol. 88. pp. 377-384.
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