Microfludic platforms for the evaluation of anti-platelet agent efficacy under hyper-shear conditions associated with ventricular assist devices

Annalisa Dimasi, Marco Rasponi, Filippo Consolo, Gianfranco B. Fiore, Danny Bluestein, Marvin J Slepian, Alberto Redaelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thrombus formation is a major adverse event affecting patients implanted with ventricular assist devices (VADs). Despite anti-thrombotic drug administration, thrombotic events remain frequent within the first year post-implantation. Platelet activation (PA) is an essential process underling thrombotic adverse events in VAD systems. Indeed, abnormal shear forces, correlating with specific flow trajectories of VADs, are strong agonists mediating PA. To date, the ability to determine efficacy of anti-platelet (AP) agents under shear stress conditions is limited. Here, we present a novel microfluidic platform designed to replicate shear stress patterns of a clinical VAD, and use it to compare the efficacy of two AP agents in vitro. Gel-filtered platelets were incubated with i) acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and ii) ticagrelor, at two different concentrations (ASA: 125 and 250[U+202F]μM; ticagrelor: 250 and 500[U+202F]nM) and were circulated in the VAD-emulating microfluidic platform using a peristaltic pump. GFP was collected after 4 and 52 repetitions of exposure to the VAD shear pattern and tested for shear-mediated PA. ASA significantly inhibited PA only at 2-fold higher concentration (250[U+202F]μM) than therapeutic dose (125[U+202F]μM). The effect of ticagrelor was not dependent on drug concentration, and did not show significant inhibition with respect to untreated control. This study demonstrates the potential use of microfluidic platforms as means of testing platelet responsiveness and AP drug efficacy under complex and realistic VAD-like shear stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Anti-platelet agents
  • Drug efficacy
  • Mechanical circulatory support devices
  • Microfluidic flow-based assays
  • Platelet activation
  • Shear stress
  • Shear-mediated platelet activation
  • Ventricular assist devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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