Microscopic analysis of the optical and electronic properties of semiconductor photonic-crystal structures

Bernhard Pasenow, Matthias Reichelt, Tineke Stroucken, Torsten Meier, Stephan W Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The combination of dielectric photonic crystals and semiconductor nanostructures makes it possible to design many important aspects of the optoelectronic system response. A spatially-varying dielectric environment induces modifications of the transversal and the longitudinal components of the electromagnetic field which have to be included in the self-consistent microscopic analysis of the optical properties of hybrid semiconductor photonic-crystal structures. In this paper, the development of a semiclassical microscopic theory is reviewed. Whereas the classical electromagnetic field is described at the level of Maxwell's equations, a full many-body quantum theory is used for the interacting electronic excitations in the semiconductor material. Relevant examples of the numerical solutions of the resulting Maxwell semiconductor Bloch equations are presented showing, e.g., characteristic modifications of excitonic absorption spectra, the spatio-temporal dynamics of electronic wave packets, as well as an increase of the optical gain in properly designed device geometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3600-3617
Number of pages18
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Volume204
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Photonic crystals
Electronic properties
Optical properties
Crystal structure
photonics
Semiconductor materials
optical properties
crystal structure
electronics
Electromagnetic fields
electromagnetic fields
Optical gain
Wave packets
Quantum theory
Maxwell equations
quantum theory
Maxwell equation
Optoelectronic devices
wave packets
Absorption spectra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Microscopic analysis of the optical and electronic properties of semiconductor photonic-crystal structures. / Pasenow, Bernhard; Reichelt, Matthias; Stroucken, Tineke; Meier, Torsten; Koch, Stephan W.

In: Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science, Vol. 204, No. 11, 11.2007, p. 3600-3617.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pasenow, Bernhard ; Reichelt, Matthias ; Stroucken, Tineke ; Meier, Torsten ; Koch, Stephan W. / Microscopic analysis of the optical and electronic properties of semiconductor photonic-crystal structures. In: Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science. 2007 ; Vol. 204, No. 11. pp. 3600-3617.
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