This article presents a comprehensive many-body theory for optically excited semiconductors. The coupled equations of motion for the correlation functions of the Coulomb-interacting electron-hole system are derived and solved for different excitation conditions. The generation of a coherent excitonic polarization and its conversion into incoherent populations is analyzed. The spontaneous emission properties of the excited system are evaluated using a fully quantized theory. Luminescence from excitonic and electron-hole plasma populations is computed, and significant hole burning in the exciton center of mass distributions is predicted. It is shown how different excitations states of the many-body system can be identified by their characteristic signatures in the absorption spectra of a terahertz probe field.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics