Microwave (8-50 GHz) characterization of multiwalled carbon nanotube papers using rectangular waveguides

Lu Wang, Rongguo Zhou, Hao Xin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) are characterized at X-, Ku-, Ka-, and Q-bands by rectangular waveguide measurements. The scattering parameters (S-parameters) of thin MWNT papers containing a large ensemble of randomly oriented nanotubes are measured by a vector network analyzer from 8 to 50 GHz. A rigorous extraction algorithm has been developed to compute the effective complex permittivity (ε = ε′ -jε″) and permeability (μ = μ′ -jμ″) of the nanotube papers from the measured S-parameters. The extracted effective medium parameters are verified by finite-element simulations using Ansoft's High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS). The uncertainties for this characterization method are analyzed. The systematic uncertainties are found larger at lower frequencies than at higher frequencies. The extracted conductivity of the nanotube papers is in the range of 810-1500 S/m and the dielectric constant is from 250 to 700. The extracted complex permittivity can be fitted with the Drude-Lorentz model for the 8-50-GHz frequency range. The effective medium theory is then applied to remove the impact of air in the nanotube paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-506
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

Rectangular waveguides
rectangular waveguides
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Nanotubes
nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
Microwaves
microwaves
Permittivity
Scattering parameters
permittivity
Electric network analyzers
scattering
simulators
analyzers
permeability
Simulators
frequency ranges
low frequencies
conductivity

Keywords

  • Conductivity
  • Drude model
  • Drude-Lorentz model
  • Effective medium theory
  • Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT)
  • Permeability
  • Permittivity
  • Waveguide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Microwave (8-50 GHz) characterization of multiwalled carbon nanotube papers using rectangular waveguides. / Wang, Lu; Zhou, Rongguo; Xin, Hao.

In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 56, No. 2, 02.2008, p. 499-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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