The microwave rotational spectra for seven isotopomers of tetracarbonyldihydroruthenium were measured in the 4-12 GHz range using a Flygare-Balle type microwave spectrometer. The measured transition frequencies could be fit to within a few kilohertz using a rigid rotor Hamiltonian with centrifugal distortion. The rotational constants for the most abundant isotopomer are A=1234.2762(4), B=932.7016(6), and C=811.6849(6)MHz. The dipole moment is aligned with the c axis of the complex. The 21 measured rotational constants were used to determine the following structural parameters: r(Ru-H)=1.710(23)Å, r(Ru-C1)=1.952(21)Å, r(Ru-C3)=1.974(28)Å, (H-Ru-H)=87.4(2.4)°, (C1-Ru-C2)=160.6(4.3)°, (C3-Ru-C4)=101.4(1.5)°, and (Ru-C1-O1)=172.6(7.6)°. The axial carbonyl groups are bent slightly toward the hydrogen atoms. These structural parameters are in excellent agreement with the substitution coordinates determined from the Kraitchman equations, and with the structural parameters calculated using density functional theory. There was no previous structural data on this complex. The results of the microwave data and theoretical calculations both indicate C2v molecular symmetry, and show that the H atoms are separated by about 2.36 Å. These results indicate that this complex is clearly a "classical dihydride" rather than an η2-bonded, "dihydrogen" complex. Fairly large deuterium isotope effects were observed for the Ru-H bond length and H-Ru-H angle. The r0, Ru-D bond lengths were observed to be 0.03(2) Å shorter than the r0, Ru-H bond lengths. The D-Ru-D angle is 1.1° less than the H-Ru-H angle indicating that the anharmonicity effects are comparable for the bond lengths and for the interbond angle. The new results on this complex are compared with previous results on the similar dihydride complexes, H2Fe(CO)4, and H2Os(CO)4.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry