Microwave spectra and the molecular structure of tetracarbonylethyleneiron

Brian J. Drouin, Stephen G Kukolich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microwave spectra of seven isotopomers of tetracarbonylethyleneiron were recorded using a Pulse-Beam Fourier Transform Microwave Spectrometer. Rotational transitions for a 'c' dipole moment with J' ← J from 2 ← I to 6 ← 5 were measured in the 4-12 GHz range. Rotational constants were determined by fitting the measured microwave spectra to a Watson 'A' reduced Hamiltonian with centrifugal distortion parameters. The measured rotational constants of the main isotopomer are A = 1031.1081(4) MHz, B = 859.8055(4) MHz, and C = 808.5675(3) MHz. Data were also obtained for three 13C- substituted species and two 18O-substituted species in natural abundance. Additional spectra were measured for an isotopically enriched sample of perdeuterated tetracarbonylethyleneiron. The moments of inertia of the seven isotopomers were used in a Kraitchman analysis and in two different least- squares fitting analyses to determine the molecular structure of the compound. The ethylene ligand exhibits significant structural changes upon complexation to iron, primarily an increase in C-C bond length with movement of the hydrogen atoms away from the metal center. The CC and CH bond lengths were found to be r(o) = 1.419(7) and = 1.072(4) Å, respectively. The CCH angle and the FeCCH dihedral angle were found to be <(CCH)(o) = 120.6(5)°and <(Fe-CCH)(o) = 103.6(9)°, respectively. The plane of the hydrogen atoms is displaced 0.217(2) Å above the ethylene carbon atoms, along the c axis. Extensive DFT calculations were carried out prior to the experimental research. The calculated structure proved extremely valuable in obtaining accurate predictions for the spectra, and provided structural parameters in excellent overall agreement with measured parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4023-4030
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume121
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 1999

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Microwaves
Molecular Structure
Molecular structure
Bond length
Atoms
Hydrogen
Ethylene
Microwave spectrometers
Hamiltonians
Dipole moment
Fourier Analysis
Dihedral angle
Least-Squares Analysis
Complexation
Discrete Fourier transforms
Fourier transforms
Carbon
Iron
Metals
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Microwave spectra and the molecular structure of tetracarbonylethyleneiron. / Drouin, Brian J.; Kukolich, Stephen G.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 121, No. 16, 28.04.1999, p. 4023-4030.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Microwave spectra of seven isotopomers of tetracarbonylethyleneiron were recorded using a Pulse-Beam Fourier Transform Microwave Spectrometer. Rotational transitions for a 'c' dipole moment with J' ← J from 2 ← I to 6 ← 5 were measured in the 4-12 GHz range. Rotational constants were determined by fitting the measured microwave spectra to a Watson 'A' reduced Hamiltonian with centrifugal distortion parameters. The measured rotational constants of the main isotopomer are A = 1031.1081(4) MHz, B = 859.8055(4) MHz, and C = 808.5675(3) MHz. Data were also obtained for three 13C- substituted species and two 18O-substituted species in natural abundance. Additional spectra were measured for an isotopically enriched sample of perdeuterated tetracarbonylethyleneiron. The moments of inertia of the seven isotopomers were used in a Kraitchman analysis and in two different least- squares fitting analyses to determine the molecular structure of the compound. The ethylene ligand exhibits significant structural changes upon complexation to iron, primarily an increase in C-C bond length with movement of the hydrogen atoms away from the metal center. The CC and CH bond lengths were found to be r(o) = 1.419(7) and = 1.072(4) {\AA}, respectively. The CCH angle and the FeCCH dihedral angle were found to be <(CCH)(o) = 120.6(5)°and <(Fe-CCH)(o) = 103.6(9)°, respectively. The plane of the hydrogen atoms is displaced 0.217(2) {\AA} above the ethylene carbon atoms, along the c axis. Extensive DFT calculations were carried out prior to the experimental research. The calculated structure proved extremely valuable in obtaining accurate predictions for the spectra, and provided structural parameters in excellent overall agreement with measured parameters.",
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