Midcrustal Deformation in the Central Andes Constrained by Radial Anisotropy

Colton Lynner, Susan L. Beck, George Zandt, Robert W. Porritt, Fan Chi Lin, Zachary C. Eilon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Central Andes are characterized by one of the largest orogenic plateaus worldwide. As a result, they are home to some of the thickest continental crust observed today (up to ~75-km thick). Understanding the response of the crust to such overthickening provides insights into the ductile behavior of the midcrust and lower crust. One of the best tools for examining crustal-scale features is ambient noise tomography, which takes advantage of the ambient noise wavefield to sample crustal depths in great detail. We extract Love and Rayleigh wave phase velocities from ambient noise data to invert for Vsh, Vsv, and radial anisotropy throughout the Central Andes. We capture detailed crustal structure, including pronounced along-strike isotropic velocity heterogeneity and substantial (up to 10%) radial anisotropy that varies with depth. This crustal anisotropy may have several origins, but throughout the majority of the Central Andes, particularly beneath the Altiplano, we interpret radial anisotropy as the result of mineral alignment due to ductile crustal deformation. Only in the strongly volcanic Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex is radial anisotropy likely caused by magmatic intrusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4798-4813
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume123
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Central Andes
  • ambient noise tomography
  • crustal flow
  • radial anisotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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