Middle Holocene drought on the Southern High Plains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The climate of the Southern High Plains during the middle Holocene is indicated by data from a variety of sources. Stratigraphic, geomorphic, and pedologic research at six localities in draws, several dune sites, and one playa-lake basin show that widespread eolian erosion and sedimentation began in some areas by 9000 yr B.P. and culminated 6000-4500 yr B.P., probably because of warmer, drier conditions that reduced the vegetative cover. Archaeological investigations at three sites provide evidence for the excavation of wells at this time, apparently because of a declining water table. Studies of a few vertebrate and invertebrate faunas also indicate warming and drying in the middle Holocene. Climate models and very limited isotopic data from Bison bone suggest that summers in the middle Holocene were warmer than present, with reduced effective precipitation. All lines of evidence indicate that the Southern High Plains was subjected to prolonged drought in the middle Holocene with a maximum between 6500 and 4500 yr B.P., conforming climatically and chronologically to the Altithermal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

drought
Holocene
playa
dune
water table
bone
climate modeling
excavation
vertebrate
warming
invertebrate
sedimentation
fauna
erosion
well
plain
Middle Holocene
Drought
climate
summer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Middle Holocene drought on the Southern High Plains. / Holliday, Vance T.

In: Quaternary Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1989, p. 74-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3f99f7e7c72c4fb59223ebd1d878d21b,
title = "Middle Holocene drought on the Southern High Plains",
abstract = "The climate of the Southern High Plains during the middle Holocene is indicated by data from a variety of sources. Stratigraphic, geomorphic, and pedologic research at six localities in draws, several dune sites, and one playa-lake basin show that widespread eolian erosion and sedimentation began in some areas by 9000 yr B.P. and culminated 6000-4500 yr B.P., probably because of warmer, drier conditions that reduced the vegetative cover. Archaeological investigations at three sites provide evidence for the excavation of wells at this time, apparently because of a declining water table. Studies of a few vertebrate and invertebrate faunas also indicate warming and drying in the middle Holocene. Climate models and very limited isotopic data from Bison bone suggest that summers in the middle Holocene were warmer than present, with reduced effective precipitation. All lines of evidence indicate that the Southern High Plains was subjected to prolonged drought in the middle Holocene with a maximum between 6500 and 4500 yr B.P., conforming climatically and chronologically to the Altithermal.",
author = "Holliday, {Vance T}",
year = "1989",
doi = "10.1016/0033-5894(89)90086-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "74--82",
journal = "Quaternary Research",
issn = "0033-5894",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Middle Holocene drought on the Southern High Plains

AU - Holliday, Vance T

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - The climate of the Southern High Plains during the middle Holocene is indicated by data from a variety of sources. Stratigraphic, geomorphic, and pedologic research at six localities in draws, several dune sites, and one playa-lake basin show that widespread eolian erosion and sedimentation began in some areas by 9000 yr B.P. and culminated 6000-4500 yr B.P., probably because of warmer, drier conditions that reduced the vegetative cover. Archaeological investigations at three sites provide evidence for the excavation of wells at this time, apparently because of a declining water table. Studies of a few vertebrate and invertebrate faunas also indicate warming and drying in the middle Holocene. Climate models and very limited isotopic data from Bison bone suggest that summers in the middle Holocene were warmer than present, with reduced effective precipitation. All lines of evidence indicate that the Southern High Plains was subjected to prolonged drought in the middle Holocene with a maximum between 6500 and 4500 yr B.P., conforming climatically and chronologically to the Altithermal.

AB - The climate of the Southern High Plains during the middle Holocene is indicated by data from a variety of sources. Stratigraphic, geomorphic, and pedologic research at six localities in draws, several dune sites, and one playa-lake basin show that widespread eolian erosion and sedimentation began in some areas by 9000 yr B.P. and culminated 6000-4500 yr B.P., probably because of warmer, drier conditions that reduced the vegetative cover. Archaeological investigations at three sites provide evidence for the excavation of wells at this time, apparently because of a declining water table. Studies of a few vertebrate and invertebrate faunas also indicate warming and drying in the middle Holocene. Climate models and very limited isotopic data from Bison bone suggest that summers in the middle Holocene were warmer than present, with reduced effective precipitation. All lines of evidence indicate that the Southern High Plains was subjected to prolonged drought in the middle Holocene with a maximum between 6500 and 4500 yr B.P., conforming climatically and chronologically to the Altithermal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024483410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024483410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0033-5894(89)90086-0

DO - 10.1016/0033-5894(89)90086-0

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 74

EP - 82

JO - Quaternary Research

JF - Quaternary Research

SN - 0033-5894

IS - 1

ER -