Mimicking muscle activity with electrical stimulation

Lise A. Johnson, Andrew J Fuglevand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Functional electrical stimulation is a rehabilitation technology that can restore some degree of motor function in individuals who have sustained a spinal cord injury or stroke. One way to identify the spatio-temporal patterns of muscle stimulation needed to elicit complex upper limb movements is to use electromyographic (EMG) activity recorded from able-bodied subjects as a template for electrical stimulation. However, this requires a transfer function to convert the recorded (or predicted) EMG signals into an appropriate pattern of electrical stimulation. Here we develop a generalized transfer function that maps EMG activity into a stimulation pattern that modulates muscle output by varying both the pulse frequency and the pulse amplitude. We show that the stimulation patterns produced by this transfer function mimic the active state measured by EMG insofar as they reproduce with good fidelity the complex patterns of joint torque and joint displacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number016009
JournalJournal of Neural Engineering
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

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Electric Stimulation
Transfer functions
Muscle
Muscles
Joints
Temporal Muscle
Torque
Spinal Cord Injuries
Upper Extremity
Patient rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
Stroke
Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Mimicking muscle activity with electrical stimulation. / Johnson, Lise A.; Fuglevand, Andrew J.

In: Journal of Neural Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, 016009, 02.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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