Mineral control of organic carbon mineralization in a range of temperate conifer forest soils

Craig Rasmussen, Randal J. Southard, William R. Horwath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coupled climate-ecosystem models predict significant alteration of temperate forest biome distribution in response to climate warming. Temperate forest biomes contain approximately 10% of global soil carbon (C) stocks and therefore any change in their distribution may have significant impacts on terrestrial C budgets. Using the Sierra Nevada as a model system for temperate forest soils, we examined the effects of temperature and soil mineralogy on soil C mineralization. We incubated soils from three conifer biomes dominated by ponderosa pine (PP), white fir (WF), and red fir (RF) tree species, on granite (GR), basalt (BS), and andesite (AN) parent materials, at three temperatures (12.5°C, 7.5°C, 5.0°C). AN soils were dominated by noncrystalline materials (allophane, Al-humus complexes), GR soils by crystalline minerals (kaolinite, vermiculite), and BS soils by a mix of crystalline and noncrystalline materials. Soil C mineralization (ranging from 1.9 to 34.6 [mg C (g soil C)-1] or 0.1 to .3 [mg C (g soil)-1]) differed significantly between parent materials in all biomes with a general pattern of AN<BS<GR. We found significant negative relationships between Fe-oxyhydroxides, Al-oxyhydroxides, and Al-humus complex content and soil C mineralization, suggesting mineral control of C mineralization. Modeled decomposition rates and mineralizable pool size increased with increasing temperature for all parent materials and biomes. Further, δ13C values of respired CO2 suggest greater decomposition of recalcitrant soil C compounds with increasing temperature, indicating a shift in primary C source utilization with temperature. Our results demonstrate that soil mineralogy moderates soil C mineralization and that soil C response to temperature includes shifts in decomposition rates, mineralizable pool size, and primary C source utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-847
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

Fingerprint

Organic carbon
forest soil
coniferous tree
Minerals
organic carbon
mineralization
Soils
mineral
biome
soil
parent material
temperate forest
andesite
granite
basalt
temperature
decomposition
humus
Mineralogy
Decomposition

Keywords

  • Al-humus complex
  • Climate change
  • First-order kinetics
  • Short-range order minerals
  • Soil carbon dynamics
  • Soil mineralogy
  • Temperate forest ecosystems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Mineral control of organic carbon mineralization in a range of temperate conifer forest soils. / Rasmussen, Craig; Southard, Randal J.; Horwath, William R.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 12, No. 5, 05.2006, p. 834-847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rasmussen, Craig ; Southard, Randal J. ; Horwath, William R. / Mineral control of organic carbon mineralization in a range of temperate conifer forest soils. In: Global Change Biology. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 5. pp. 834-847.
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AB - Coupled climate-ecosystem models predict significant alteration of temperate forest biome distribution in response to climate warming. Temperate forest biomes contain approximately 10% of global soil carbon (C) stocks and therefore any change in their distribution may have significant impacts on terrestrial C budgets. Using the Sierra Nevada as a model system for temperate forest soils, we examined the effects of temperature and soil mineralogy on soil C mineralization. We incubated soils from three conifer biomes dominated by ponderosa pine (PP), white fir (WF), and red fir (RF) tree species, on granite (GR), basalt (BS), and andesite (AN) parent materials, at three temperatures (12.5°C, 7.5°C, 5.0°C). AN soils were dominated by noncrystalline materials (allophane, Al-humus complexes), GR soils by crystalline minerals (kaolinite, vermiculite), and BS soils by a mix of crystalline and noncrystalline materials. Soil C mineralization (ranging from 1.9 to 34.6 [mg C (g soil C)-1] or 0.1 to .3 [mg C (g soil)-1]) differed significantly between parent materials in all biomes with a general pattern of AN<BS<GR. We found significant negative relationships between Fe-oxyhydroxides, Al-oxyhydroxides, and Al-humus complex content and soil C mineralization, suggesting mineral control of C mineralization. Modeled decomposition rates and mineralizable pool size increased with increasing temperature for all parent materials and biomes. Further, δ13C values of respired CO2 suggest greater decomposition of recalcitrant soil C compounds with increasing temperature, indicating a shift in primary C source utilization with temperature. Our results demonstrate that soil mineralogy moderates soil C mineralization and that soil C response to temperature includes shifts in decomposition rates, mineralizable pool size, and primary C source utilization.

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