In models in which neutrinos are light, due to a low scale of symmetry breaking, additional light bosons are generically present. We show that the interaction between diffuse supernova relic neutrinos (SRN) and the cosmic background neutrinos, via exchange of these light scalars, can result in a dramatic change of the supernova (SN) neutrinos flux. Measurement of this effect with current or future experiments can provide a spectacular direct evidence for the low scale models. We demonstrate how the observation of neutrinos from SN1987A constrains the symmetry breaking scale of the above models. We also discuss how current and future experiments may confirm or further constrain the above models, either by detecting the "accumulative resonance" that diffuse SRN go through or via a large suppression of the flux of neutrinos from nearby ≲ script O sign (Mpc) SN bursts.
- Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
- Neutrino Physics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics