Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis type II: More than just fatty acids

J. Kalervo Hiltunen, Melissa S. Schonauer, Kaija J. Autio, Telsa M. Mittelmeier, Alexander J. Kastaniotis, Carol L. Dieckmann

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eukaryotes harbor a highly conserved mitochondrial pathway for fatty acid synthesis (FAS), which is completely independent of the eukaryotic cytosolic FAS apparatus. The activities of the mitochondrial FAS system are catalyzed by soluble enzymes, and the pathway thus resembles its prokaryotic counterparts. Except for octanoic acid,whichis the direct precursor for lipoic acid synthesis, other end products and functions of the mitochondrial FAS pathway are still largely enigmatic. In addition to low cellular levels of lipoic acid, disruption of genes encoding mitochondrial FAS enzymes in yeast results in a respiratory-deficient phenotype and small rudimentary mitochondria. Recently, two distinct links between mitochondrial FAS and RNA processing have been discovered in vertebrates and yeast, respectively. In vertebrates, the mitochondrial 3-hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein dehydratase and the RPP14 subunit of RNase P are encoded by the same bicistronic transcript in an evolutionarily conserved arrangement that is unusual for eukaryotes. In yeast, defects in mitochondrial FAS result in inefficient RNase P cleavage in the organelle. The intersection of mitochondrial FAS and RNA metabolism in both systems provides a novel mechanism for the coordination of intermediary metabolism in eukaryotic cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9011-9015
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Hiltunen, J. K., Schonauer, M. S., Autio, K. J., Mittelmeier, T. M., Kastaniotis, A. J., & Dieckmann, C. L. (2009). Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis type II: More than just fatty acids. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(14), 9011-9015. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.R800068200