Mitral Repair Is Superior to Replacement When Associated with Coronary Artery Disease

T. Brett Reece, Curtis G. Tribble, Peter I. Ellman, Thomas S. Maxey, Randall L. Woodford, George M. Dimeling, Harry A. Wellons, Ivan K. Crosby, John A. Kern, Irving L. Kron, William A. Baumgartner, Fred A. Crawford, Lynn H. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare the outcomes of mitral repair and replacement in revascularized patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation. Summary Background Data: Combined coronary bypass (CABG) and mitral procedures have been associated with the highest mortality (>10%) in cardiac surgery. Recent studies have suggested that mitral valve replacement (MVR) with sparing of the subvalvular apparatus had comparable results to mitral repair when associated with CABG. Methods: Over the past 7 years, 54 patients had CABG/mitral repair versus 56 who had CABG/MVR with preservation of the subvalvular apparatus. The groups were similar in age at 69.2 years in the replacement group versus 67.0 in the repair group. We compared these 2 groups based on hospital mortality, incidence of complications including nosocomial infection, neurologic decompensation (stroke), pulmonary complication (pneumonia, atelectasis, and prolonged ventilation), and renal complications (acute renal failure or insufficiency). Results: The mitral repair group had a hospital mortality of 1.9% versus 10.7% in the replacement group (P = 0.05). Infection occurred in 9% of repairs compared with 13% of replacements (P = 0.59). The incidence of stroke was no different between groups (2 of 54 repairs vs. 2 of 56 replacements, P = 1.00). Pulmonary complication rate was 39% in repairs versus 32% in replacements (P = 0.59). Worsening renal function occurred in 15% of repairs versus 18% of replacements (P = 0.67). Conclusions: Mitral repair is superior to mitral replacement when associated with coronary artery disease in terms of perioperative morbidity and hospital mortality. Although preservation of the subvalvular apparatus with MVR has a theoretical advantage in terms of ventricular function, mitral repair clearly adds a survival benefit in patients with concomitant ischemic cardiac disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-677
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume239
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Reece, T. B., Tribble, C. G., Ellman, P. I., Maxey, T. S., Woodford, R. L., Dimeling, G. M., Wellons, H. A., Crosby, I. K., Kern, J. A., Kron, I. L., Baumgartner, W. A., Crawford, F. A., & Harrison, L. H. (2004). Mitral Repair Is Superior to Replacement When Associated with Coronary Artery Disease. Annals of surgery, 239(5), 671-677. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000124297.40815.86