Model-based heterogeneous data fusion for reliable force estimation in dynamic structures under uncertainties

Babak Khodabandeloo, Dyan Melvin, Hongki Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct measurements of external forces acting on a structure are infeasible in many cases. The Augmented Kalman Filter (AKF) has several attractive features that can be utilized to solve the inverse problem of identifying applied forces, as it requires the dynamic model and the measured responses of structure at only a few locations. But, the AKF intrinsically suffers from numerical instabilities when accelerations, which are the most common response measurements in structural dynamics, are the only measured responses. Although displacement measurements can be used to overcome the instability issue, the absolute displacement measurements are challenging and expensive for full-scale dynamic structures. In this paper, a reliable model-based data fusion approach to reconstruct dynamic forces applied to structures using heterogeneous structural measurements (i.e., strains and accelerations) in combination with AKF is investigated. The way of incorporating multi-sensor measurements in the AKF is formulated. Then the formulation is implemented and validated through numerical examples considering possible uncertainties in numerical modeling and sensor measurement. A planar truss example was chosen to clearly explain the formulation, while the method and formulation are applicable to other structures as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2656
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2017

Fingerprint

multisensor fusion
Data fusion
Kalman filters
Uncertainty
Trusses
Displacement measurement
displacement measurement
formulations
acceleration measurement
Acceleration measurement
dynamic structural analysis
strain measurement
Strain measurement
sensors
Sensors
Structural dynamics
Inverse problems
dynamic models
Dynamic models

Keywords

  • Force estimation
  • Heterogeneous sensor network
  • Kalman filtering
  • Multi-metric measurements
  • Structural dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Model-based heterogeneous data fusion for reliable force estimation in dynamic structures under uncertainties. / Khodabandeloo, Babak; Melvin, Dyan; Jo, Hongki.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 17, No. 11, 2656, 17.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{60fbf44ffe904bb18bdab87e2979b594,
title = "Model-based heterogeneous data fusion for reliable force estimation in dynamic structures under uncertainties",
abstract = "Direct measurements of external forces acting on a structure are infeasible in many cases. The Augmented Kalman Filter (AKF) has several attractive features that can be utilized to solve the inverse problem of identifying applied forces, as it requires the dynamic model and the measured responses of structure at only a few locations. But, the AKF intrinsically suffers from numerical instabilities when accelerations, which are the most common response measurements in structural dynamics, are the only measured responses. Although displacement measurements can be used to overcome the instability issue, the absolute displacement measurements are challenging and expensive for full-scale dynamic structures. In this paper, a reliable model-based data fusion approach to reconstruct dynamic forces applied to structures using heterogeneous structural measurements (i.e., strains and accelerations) in combination with AKF is investigated. The way of incorporating multi-sensor measurements in the AKF is formulated. Then the formulation is implemented and validated through numerical examples considering possible uncertainties in numerical modeling and sensor measurement. A planar truss example was chosen to clearly explain the formulation, while the method and formulation are applicable to other structures as well.",
keywords = "Force estimation, Heterogeneous sensor network, Kalman filtering, Multi-metric measurements, Structural dynamics",
author = "Babak Khodabandeloo and Dyan Melvin and Hongki Jo",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "17",
doi = "10.3390/s17112656",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
journal = "Sensors",
issn = "1424-8220",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Model-based heterogeneous data fusion for reliable force estimation in dynamic structures under uncertainties

AU - Khodabandeloo, Babak

AU - Melvin, Dyan

AU - Jo, Hongki

PY - 2017/11/17

Y1 - 2017/11/17

N2 - Direct measurements of external forces acting on a structure are infeasible in many cases. The Augmented Kalman Filter (AKF) has several attractive features that can be utilized to solve the inverse problem of identifying applied forces, as it requires the dynamic model and the measured responses of structure at only a few locations. But, the AKF intrinsically suffers from numerical instabilities when accelerations, which are the most common response measurements in structural dynamics, are the only measured responses. Although displacement measurements can be used to overcome the instability issue, the absolute displacement measurements are challenging and expensive for full-scale dynamic structures. In this paper, a reliable model-based data fusion approach to reconstruct dynamic forces applied to structures using heterogeneous structural measurements (i.e., strains and accelerations) in combination with AKF is investigated. The way of incorporating multi-sensor measurements in the AKF is formulated. Then the formulation is implemented and validated through numerical examples considering possible uncertainties in numerical modeling and sensor measurement. A planar truss example was chosen to clearly explain the formulation, while the method and formulation are applicable to other structures as well.

AB - Direct measurements of external forces acting on a structure are infeasible in many cases. The Augmented Kalman Filter (AKF) has several attractive features that can be utilized to solve the inverse problem of identifying applied forces, as it requires the dynamic model and the measured responses of structure at only a few locations. But, the AKF intrinsically suffers from numerical instabilities when accelerations, which are the most common response measurements in structural dynamics, are the only measured responses. Although displacement measurements can be used to overcome the instability issue, the absolute displacement measurements are challenging and expensive for full-scale dynamic structures. In this paper, a reliable model-based data fusion approach to reconstruct dynamic forces applied to structures using heterogeneous structural measurements (i.e., strains and accelerations) in combination with AKF is investigated. The way of incorporating multi-sensor measurements in the AKF is formulated. Then the formulation is implemented and validated through numerical examples considering possible uncertainties in numerical modeling and sensor measurement. A planar truss example was chosen to clearly explain the formulation, while the method and formulation are applicable to other structures as well.

KW - Force estimation

KW - Heterogeneous sensor network

KW - Kalman filtering

KW - Multi-metric measurements

KW - Structural dynamics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034845485&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034845485&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/s17112656

DO - 10.3390/s17112656

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85034845485

VL - 17

JO - Sensors

JF - Sensors

SN - 1424-8220

IS - 11

M1 - 2656

ER -