Model-independent inference of neutron star radii from moment of inertia measurements

Carolyn A. Raithel, Feryal Özel, Dimitrios Psaltis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A precise moment of inertia measurement for PSR J0737-3039A in the double pulsar system is expected within the next five years. We present here a new method of mapping the anticipated measurement of the moment of inertia directly into the neutron star structure. We determine the maximum and minimum values possible for the moment of inertia of a neutron star of a given radius based on physical stability arguments, assuming knowledge of the equation of state only at densities below the nuclear saturation density. If the equation of state is trusted up to the nuclear saturation density, we find that a measurement of the moment of inertia will place absolute bounds on the radius of PSR J0737-3039A to within ±1 km. The resulting combination of moment of inertia, mass, and radius measurements for a single source will allow for new, stringent constraints on the dense-matter equation of state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number032801
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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