Model sensitivity study of the direct radiative impact of saharan dust on the early stage of hurricane earl

Jianyu Liang, Yongsheng Chen, Avelino F. Arellano, Abdulla Al Mamun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Current studies report inconsistent results about the impacts of Saharan dust on the development of African Easterly Waves (AEWs), the African Easterly Jet (AEJ), and tropical cyclones (TCs). We present a modeling case study to further elucidate the direct radiative impacts of dust on the early development stage of a TC. We conducted experiments using the Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with chemistry (WRF‐Chem‐V3.9.1) to simulate Hurricane Earl (2010) which was influenced by the dusty Saharan Air Layer (SAL). We used the aerosol product from ECMWF MACC‐II as the initial and boundary conditions to represent aerosol distribution, along with typical model treatment of its radiative and microphysical effects in WRF. Our simulations at 36‐km resolution show that, within the first 36 h, the presence of dust weakens the low‐pressure system over North Africa by less than 1 hPa and reduces its mean temperature by 0.03 K. Dust weakens and intensifies the AEJ at its core and periphery, respectively, with magnitudes less than 0.2 m/s. Dust slightly shifts the position of 600 hPa AEW to the south and reduces its intensity prior to impacting the TC. Finally, TC with dust remains weaker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1181
JournalAtmosphere
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • AEJ
  • Aerosol effects
  • AEW
  • Direct effect
  • Dust
  • Hurricane earl
  • SAL
  • Tropical cyclone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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