Modeling ecoregional connectivity

Robert F. Baldwin, Ryan M. Perkl, Stephen C. Trombulak, Walter B. Burwell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nature reserves increasingly function as islands in a human-dominated matrix. Habitat conservation initiatives that seek to reconnect patches using functional corridors are increasingly part and-parcel of conservation planning projects. Numerous methods have evolved all based on similar of least cost paths, functional rather than structural connectivity, and landscape resistance. However significant differences in approach exist including whether a network of patches is considered simultaneously or as patch-patch pairs, and whether the goal is to model spatially explicit corridors or movement bottlenecks. We review these approaches and then describe ecological connectivity modeling for an ecoregion using the graph-theoretic approach considering two different patch-node scenarios, at the ecoregion scale and apply a more localized connectivity modeling exercise for a subregion and a single focal species the American Black bear (Ursus americanus). We discuss the difficulties of attempting to model functional corridors for focal species over heterogenous landscapes, and the potential benefits of using 'naturalness' or Human Footprint surrogates for connectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLandscape-scale Conservation Planning
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages349-367
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9789048195749
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Connectivity models
  • Focal species
  • Graph theory
  • Habitat connectivity
  • Human Footprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Baldwin, R. F., Perkl, R. M., Trombulak, S. C., & Burwell, W. B. (2010). Modeling ecoregional connectivity. In Landscape-scale Conservation Planning (pp. 349-367). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9575-6_16