Modeling fire in semi-desert grassland/oak woodland: The spatial implications

Jay D. Miller, Stephen Yool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fire-evolved forests that historically had high fire return intervals (< 100 years) in the western United States are currently overstocked with fuels due to a century or more of fire suppression and anthropogenic modification. Additionally, some western rangelands have changed composition from fire maintained grasslands to grazed shrublands. Land managers are beginning to reintroduce fire to these ecosystems as a functional component. Estimating fire behavior through the use of computer simulations is one tool to assist in planning management-ignited fire. We evaluated the sensitivity of the fire model FARSITE to the level of detail in the fuels data, both spatially and quantitatively, to better understand requirements for mapping fuels to produce accurate fire simulations. Simulated fires generated using site specific fuel models mapped at 30 m and degraded to 210 m were compared to fires simulated using standard generic Northern Forest Fire Laboratory (NFFL) fuel types. Eight classes of surface fuels were mapped by classification of satellite imagery with an overall accuracy of 0.78. A percent tree canopy cover map was created from digital orthophotos using a linear regression model with an Radj2 = 0.93 of field sampled percent canopy cover data to a tree canopy shadow model. The dominant site specific fuel model (63% cover) was found to agree with the most suitable NFFL fuel model. Site specific fuel models mapped at fine resolution were found to produce statistically smaller fire areas than those produced with generic fuel models mapped at a fine scale and site specific fuels mapped at a coarse scale. In the worst case scenario (low fuel moistures and high wind speeds) the average fire size was about 20% larger with the fuel map using NFFL fuel models than with the fine scale map using site specific fuel models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-245
Number of pages17
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

Fingerprint

woodlands
deserts
woodland
Quercus
desert
grasslands
grassland
modeling
forest fires
forest fire
oak
canopy
grassland fires
fire behavior
orthophoto
fire suppression
fire management
Western United States
shrubland
rangeland

Keywords

  • FARSITE
  • Fire modeling
  • Fuel models
  • Fuels mapping
  • Scale
  • Semi-desert grassland
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Spatial resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Ecology

Cite this

Modeling fire in semi-desert grassland/oak woodland : The spatial implications. / Miller, Jay D.; Yool, Stephen.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 153, No. 3, 01.08.2002, p. 229-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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