Modeling temperature and moisture dependent emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from drying dairy cow manure

Enzhu Hu, Pakorn Sutitarnnontr, Markus Tuller, Scott B. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Greenhouse gas emissions due to biological degradation processes of animal wastes are significant sources of air pollution from agricultural areas. The major environmental controls on these microbe-induced gas fluxes are temperature and moisture content. The objective of this study was to model the effects of temperature and moisture content on emissions of CO2 and CH4 during the ambient drying process of dairy manure under controlled conditions. Gas emissions were continuously recorded over 15 d with paired fully automated closed dynamic chambers coupled with a Fourier Transformed Infrared gas analyzer. Water content and temperature were measured and monitored with capacitance sensors. In addition, on days 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15, pH, moisture content, dissolved organic carbon and total carbon (TC) were determined. An empirical model derived from the Arrhenius equation confirmed high dependency of carbon emissions on temperature and moisture content. Results indicate that for the investigated dairy manure, 6.83% of TC was lost in the form of CO2 and 0.047% of TC was emitted as CH4. Neglecting the effect of temperature, the moisture contents associated with maximum gas emissions were estimated as 0.75 and 0.79 g·g-1 for CO2 and CH4, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-286
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Dairy manure
  • Methane
  • Moisture
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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