Modelling the impact of air discharges caused by natural ventilation in a poultry house

Fernando Rojano, Pierre Emmanuel Bournet, Melynda Hassouna, Paul Robin, Murat Kacira, Christopher Y. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Raising poultry in livestock buildings requires housing that can provide acceptable living conditions in terms of climate and air quality. Accurately assessing the interior climate dynamics of a naturally ventilated poultry house needs advanced computer-based modelling tools. The present work proposes a three-dimensional modelling tool that uses computational fluid dynamics (CFD). External and internal climate and the sensible and latent heat emitted by the hens were included in the model in accordance with the principles that govern heat and mass transport, momentum, and radiative energy. Experimental data were used in the proposed 3D CFD model to predict the internal climate, considering a time series when wind blew perpendicular to the ridgeline. A period of 3h30min, occurring under a stable wind direction was replicated, resulting in an overall RMSE of 1 °C and 1 g [H 2 O] kg −1 [dry air] for temperature and absolute humidity, respectively. In addition, the coefficient of variation indicated that the experimental data pertaining to the internal climate showed less overall variability than did predicted data. Subsequently, the 3D CFD model generated predictions concerning to air discharges emitted horizontally through side vents, and caused by natural ventilation. Air discharge predictions defined regions close to the poultry house by means of assessing air quality. Also, air discharge predictions were then used to adapt the governing equations of the PRIME-AERMOD model to replicate in a simplified approach air discharge from a naturally ventilated poultry house.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-181
Number of pages14
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Humidity
  • Livestock building
  • Micro-climate dynamics
  • Plume development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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