Allylamine, a selective cardiovascular toxin that induces oxidative stress, is known to alter expression of extracellular matrix and cell adhesion proteins that are central to arterial remodeling. Our goals were to determine whether AAM treatment in rats modulates integrin/matrix-dependent arteriolar function, and to what extent integrin expression correlated to these alterations. Integrins are transmembrane proteins that facilitate mechanical and molecular signaling between the extracellular matrix and cytoskeleton, and so are suitable candidates for involvement in phenotypic and functional alterations of smooth muscle in response to oxidative stress. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) and Leu-Asp-Val (LDV), two integrin-binding motifs found in ECM proteins such as collagens and fibronectin, are known to interact with integrins αvβ 3 and α4β1, respectively. Previously, we found that RGD containing peptides induce vasodilation through αvβ3, while LDV containing peptides induce vasoconstriction through α4β1 of normal rat cremasteric arterioles. In allylamine-treated rats (AAM), the vasomotor response to LDV, but not RGD, was attenuated in a dose-dependent manner. To determine whether changes in integrin subunit mRNA levels correlated with these functional changes, we performed reverse transcription and Real-time PCR for α4 and β3 integrin subunits on RNA isolated from single, first-order cremasteric arterioles. AAM treatment caused a dose-dependent decrease in α4 mRNA expression, but not β3 mRNA expression, suggesting that the changes in vasomotor activity to LDV peptides may be attributable in part to reduced α4 expression upon exposure to AAM. These data are supported by similar decreases in α4integrin cell surface protein expression in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells treated either in vivo and in vitro with AAM.
- Extracellular matrix
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)