Regulation of cholecystokinin (CCK) expression was studied in the human neuroepithelioma cell line SK-N-MCIXC and the rat medullary thyroid carcinoma cell line WE 4/2. The cells were treated with the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol and retinoic acid, a natural derivative of vitamin A, which plays a role in cell growth and proliferation. Levels of CCK mRNA were determined after 6, 12 and 24 h drug treatments, with Northern blot analysis using human CCK riboprobes. In WE 4/2 cells no differences were observed in CCK mRNA levels, between control and isoproterenol treated cells, after 6, 12 or 24 h treatments. In SK-N-MCIXC cells isoproterenol increased CCK mRNA levels at all time points examined, the β-adrenergic antagonist propranolol blocked this effect. SK-N-MCIXC cells were also treated with actinomycin D or cycloheximide in combination with isoproterenol. Actinomycin D decreased CCK mRNA levels. Cycloheximide increased CCK mRNA levels when compared to isoproterenol acting alone. Retinoic acid did not affect CCK mRNA levels in WE 4/2 cells. In SK-N-MCIXC cells, retinoic acid consistently decreased CCK mRNA level. CCK mRNA levels in SK-N-MCIXC cells treated with retinoic acid combined with either isoproterenol or phorbol-12-myristate-13 acetate, were not significantly different from cells treated with retinoic acid alone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience