CIRs produce clearly visible recurrent modulation in the intensity of cosmic rays and anomalous components, but are not principally responsible for determining the overall global level of modulation. However, the localized variations imposed by CIRs in the parameters for propagation of energetic particles through the solar wind provide useful diagnostics for testing models of the propagation against observations. A principal result from Ulysses observations of CIR-induced variations is that the variations persist to very high latitudes, well beyond the range where CIRs are observed. This has driven theoretical models to provide for enhanced latitude transport of energetic particles. On the other hand, observations of Jovian electron intensities vs. latitude do not support enhanced latitude transport. This chapter contains a summary of the interaction between observations and models for the effects of CIRs, and its impact on the understanding of the physics of modulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Space Science Reviews|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science