Previous studies have shown that large doses of vitamin A potentiate chemical-induced liver injury and that the Kupffer cell is directly involved in this potentiation. Therefore, these studies were designed to determine if Kupffer cells isolated from vitamin A treated male Sprague-Dawley rats (75 mg/kg/day for 3-7 days as all-trans-retinol) had altered activity and function. Respiratory activity of Kupffer cells isolated from rats treated with vitamin A for 3 to 7 days markedly increased. Similarly, phagocytic activity was significantly elevated (up to 9-fold) after exposure to vitamin A for 3 to 7 days. Production of reactive oxygen species, measured by luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence of Kupffer cells isolated after 7 days of vitamin A exposure, was significantly higher than that of control cells when stimulated with opsonized zymosan. Also, the release of superoxide anion by individual Kupffer cells isolated from vitamin A treated rats was nearly three times greater than that of control cells. Basal production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production were significantly elevated in Kupffer cells isolated from rats treated with vitamin A. Lastly, peripheral blood monocytes (PBMC) isolated from rats treated with vitamin A for 7 days had a significantly greater respiratory activity, as well as TNF-α and PGE2 production, than PBMC isolated from control rats. Our data suggest that large doses of vitamin A enhance both Kupffer cell and PBMC function. Upregulation of the activity by these phagocytic cells may play a role in the vitamin A potentiation of chemical-induced liver injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1997|
- Liver injury
- Reactive oxygen species
- Vitamin A
ASJC Scopus subject areas