During our previous attempt to search for the candidate genes to acute lung injury (ALI), we unexpectedly identified PBEF as the most highly upregulated gene in a canine model of ALI by crosshybridizing canine lung cRNA to the Affymetrix human gene chip HG-U133A. The result suggested that PBEF may be a potential biomarker in ALI. To extend and translate that finding, we have performed the molecular cloning and characterization of canine PBEF cDNA in this study. Deduced amino acid sequence alignment revealed that the PBEF gene is evolutionarily highly conserved, with the canine PBEF protein sequence 96% identical to human PBEF and 94% identical to both murine and rat PBEF counterparts. Canine PBEF protein was successfully expressed both by in vitro transcription coupled with translation in a cell-free system and by transfection of canine PBEF cDNA into the human lung type II alveolar adenocarcinoma cell line A549. The expressed canine PBEF protein was visualized by either an anti-V5 tag peptide polyclonal antibody or an anti-canine PBEF peptide polyclonal antibody. RT-PCR assay indicates that canine PBEF is expressed in canine lung, brain, heart, liver, spleen, kidney, pancreas, and muscle, with liver showing the highest expression, followed by muscle. Isolation of the canine PBEF cDNA and expression of its recombinant protein may provide molecular tools to study the molecular mechanism of ALI in the canine model and to elucidate the potential role of PBEF as an ALI biomarker.
- Gene expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology