Molecular cloning, expression and mutagenesis of an anti-insulin single chain Fv (scFv)

Douglas F. Lake, Kit S. Lam, Lisan Peng, Evan M Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The immunoglobulin variable region genes of a murine anti-insulin IgG-producing hybridoma were rescued and cloned into a bacterial expression vector. The variable regions of the gamma heavy chain and the kappa light chain were expressed independently and together as a single chain antibody (scFv). The variable heavy chain alone demonstrated the ability to bind to insulin. The kappa light chain did not show any binding activity towards insulin. The scFv was constructed by PCR assembly using a (Gly4Ser)3 linker between the carboxyl end of the variable heavy chain and the amino terminus of the kappa light chain. The scFv bound insulin at an IC50 of 3.5 × 10-8 M whereas the parent antibody bound insulin at 1.0 × 10-8 M. Mutagenesis of the variable heavy chain complementarity determining regions (CDR) indicated that CDR1 and CDR3 were important for binding to insulin. Position 99 in CDR3 of the heavy chain was found to be a critical position for the ability of the scFv to bind to insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-856
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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Single-Chain Antibodies
Molecular Cloning
Mutagenesis
Insulin
Light
Immunoglobulin Variable Region
Complementarity Determining Regions
Insulin Antibodies
Hybridomas
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Molecular cloning, expression and mutagenesis of an anti-insulin single chain Fv (scFv). / Lake, Douglas F.; Lam, Kit S.; Peng, Lisan; Hersh, Evan M.

In: Molecular Immunology, Vol. 31, No. 11, 1994, p. 845-856.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lake, Douglas F. ; Lam, Kit S. ; Peng, Lisan ; Hersh, Evan M. / Molecular cloning, expression and mutagenesis of an anti-insulin single chain Fv (scFv). In: Molecular Immunology. 1994 ; Vol. 31, No. 11. pp. 845-856.
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