The present study has measured EGF levels in primary brain tumor tissues. EGF levels were measured by specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) and further analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) followed by RIA and radioreceptor binding. The levels of EGF-like immunoreactivity (EGF-LI) in astrocytoma-IV tumors were fourfold greater than those in normal brain tissues. In astrocytoma-II and astrocytoma-III tumors, however, levels of EGF-LI were not different from those in normal brain. HPLC analysis of extracts from normal brain tissue and astrocytoma-II showed one peak of EGF-LI that coeluted with standard human EGF (retention time 22 min). Interestingly, EGF-LI in extracts of astrocytoma-IV tumors eluted in two distinct peaks with retention times of 24 and 26 min (Astro-A and Astro-B, respectively). Materials in both Astro-A and Astro-B peaks reduced the specific binding of [125I]hEGF to EGF receptors in human placental membranes. These studies demonstrate elevated levels of EGF-LI in malignant astrocytoma, but not in benign tumors. Furthermore, two different EGF-like molecules that are different from native EGF are present in malignant astrocytoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience