Mono-hydroxy methoxychlor alters levels of key sex steroids and steroidogenic enzymes in cultured mouse antral follicles

Zelieann R Craig, Traci C. Leslie, Kimberly P. Hatfield, Rupesh K. Gupta, Jodi A. Flaws

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methoxychlor (MXC) is an organochlorine pesticide that reduces fertility in female rodents by decreasing antral follicle numbers and increasing follicular death. MXC is metabolized in the body to mono-hydroxy MXC (mono-OH). Little is known about the effects of mono-OH on the ovary. Thus, this work tested the hypothesis that mono-OH exposure decreases production of 17β-estradiol (E2) by cultured mouse antral follicles. Antral follicles were isolated from CD-1 mice (age 35-39days) and exposed to dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), or mono-OH (0.1-10μg/mL) for 96h. Media and follicles were collected for analysis of sex steroid levels and mRNA expression, respectively. Mono-OH treatment (10μg/mL) decreased E2 (DMSO: 3009.72±744.99ng/mL; mono-OH 0.1μg/mL: 1679.66±461.99ng/mL; 1μg/mL: 1752.72±532.41ng/mL; 10μg/mL: 45.89±33.83ng/mL), testosterone (DMSO: 15.43±2.86ng/mL; mono-OH 0.1μg/mL: 17.17±4.71ng/mL; 1μg/mL: 13.64±3.53ng/mL; 10μg/mL: 1.29±0.23ng/mL), androstenedione (DMSO: 1.92±0.34ng/mL; mono-OH 0.1μg/mL: 1.49±0.43ng/mL; 1μg/mL: 0.64±0.31ng/mL; 10μg/mL: 0.12±0.06ng/mL) and progesterone (DMSO: 24.11±4.21ng/mL; mono-OH 0.1μg/mL: 26.77±4.41ng/mL; 1μg/mL: 20.90±3.75ng/mL; 10μg/mL: 9.44±2.97ng/mL) levels. Mono-OH did not alter expression of Star, Hsd3b1, Hsd17b1 and Cyp1b1, but it did reduce levels of Cyp11a1, Cyp17a1 and Cyp19a1 mRNA. Collectively, these data suggest that mono-OH significantly decreases levels of key sex steroid hormones and the expression of enzymes required for steroidogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume249
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Steroids
Enzymes
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Methoxychlor
Antral
1,1,1-trichloro-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethane
Messenger RNA
Androstenedione
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Pesticides
Stars
Progesterone
Fertility
Testosterone
Ovary
Estradiol
Rodentia

Keywords

  • Antral follicles
  • Estradiol
  • Metabolites
  • Methoxychlor
  • Ovary
  • Steroidogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Mono-hydroxy methoxychlor alters levels of key sex steroids and steroidogenic enzymes in cultured mouse antral follicles. / Craig, Zelieann R; Leslie, Traci C.; Hatfield, Kimberly P.; Gupta, Rupesh K.; Flaws, Jodi A.

In: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Vol. 249, No. 2, 01.12.2010, p. 107-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Craig, Zelieann R ; Leslie, Traci C. ; Hatfield, Kimberly P. ; Gupta, Rupesh K. ; Flaws, Jodi A. / Mono-hydroxy methoxychlor alters levels of key sex steroids and steroidogenic enzymes in cultured mouse antral follicles. In: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 2010 ; Vol. 249, No. 2. pp. 107-113.
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