Morningness-eveningness and depression: Preliminary evidence for the role of the behavioral activation system and positive affect

Brant P. Hasler, John JB Allen, David A Sbarra, Richard R Bootzin, Rebecca A. Bernert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is considerable evidence of circadian rhythm abnormalities in mood disorders. Morningness-eveningness, the degree to which people prefer organizing their activity and sleep patterns toward the morning or evening, is related to circadian phase and is associated with mood, with relatively greater psychological distress among evening types. Given that circadian rhythms may also relate to the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and positive affect (PA), but not to the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) or negative affect (NA), it was hypothesized that individual differences in BAS sensitivity and levels of PA, but not BIS and NA, would explain the association between morningness-eveningness and depression in a sample of 208 individuals with a range of depressive symptomatology. As predicted, increasing eveningness was associated with greater depression, lower BAS, and lower PA, but not directly associated with NA. Path analyses supported a model wherein morningness-eveningness is associated with depression via multi-step indirect paths including BAS-Reward Responsiveness, PA, and NA. A path between BIS and depression was distinct from the one involving morningness-eveningness. A variety of alternative path models all provided a weaker fit to the data. Thus, results were consistent with the BAS and PA mediating the effects of morningness-eveningness on depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-173
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume176
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Depression
Circadian Rhythm
Mood Disorders
Reward
Individuality
Sleep
Psychology
Inhibition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Circadian rhythms
  • Mood
  • Mood disorders
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Morningness-eveningness and depression : Preliminary evidence for the role of the behavioral activation system and positive affect. / Hasler, Brant P.; Allen, John JB; Sbarra, David A; Bootzin, Richard R; Bernert, Rebecca A.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 176, No. 2-3, 04.2010, p. 166-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c44cc4fc6d0b46618e57ed1c12cf02e8,
title = "Morningness-eveningness and depression: Preliminary evidence for the role of the behavioral activation system and positive affect",
abstract = "There is considerable evidence of circadian rhythm abnormalities in mood disorders. Morningness-eveningness, the degree to which people prefer organizing their activity and sleep patterns toward the morning or evening, is related to circadian phase and is associated with mood, with relatively greater psychological distress among evening types. Given that circadian rhythms may also relate to the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and positive affect (PA), but not to the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) or negative affect (NA), it was hypothesized that individual differences in BAS sensitivity and levels of PA, but not BIS and NA, would explain the association between morningness-eveningness and depression in a sample of 208 individuals with a range of depressive symptomatology. As predicted, increasing eveningness was associated with greater depression, lower BAS, and lower PA, but not directly associated with NA. Path analyses supported a model wherein morningness-eveningness is associated with depression via multi-step indirect paths including BAS-Reward Responsiveness, PA, and NA. A path between BIS and depression was distinct from the one involving morningness-eveningness. A variety of alternative path models all provided a weaker fit to the data. Thus, results were consistent with the BAS and PA mediating the effects of morningness-eveningness on depression.",
keywords = "Circadian rhythms, Mood, Mood disorders, Motivation",
author = "Hasler, {Brant P.} and Allen, {John JB} and Sbarra, {David A} and Bootzin, {Richard R} and Bernert, {Rebecca A.}",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2009.06.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "176",
pages = "166--173",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morningness-eveningness and depression

T2 - Preliminary evidence for the role of the behavioral activation system and positive affect

AU - Hasler, Brant P.

AU - Allen, John JB

AU - Sbarra, David A

AU - Bootzin, Richard R

AU - Bernert, Rebecca A.

PY - 2010/4

Y1 - 2010/4

N2 - There is considerable evidence of circadian rhythm abnormalities in mood disorders. Morningness-eveningness, the degree to which people prefer organizing their activity and sleep patterns toward the morning or evening, is related to circadian phase and is associated with mood, with relatively greater psychological distress among evening types. Given that circadian rhythms may also relate to the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and positive affect (PA), but not to the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) or negative affect (NA), it was hypothesized that individual differences in BAS sensitivity and levels of PA, but not BIS and NA, would explain the association between morningness-eveningness and depression in a sample of 208 individuals with a range of depressive symptomatology. As predicted, increasing eveningness was associated with greater depression, lower BAS, and lower PA, but not directly associated with NA. Path analyses supported a model wherein morningness-eveningness is associated with depression via multi-step indirect paths including BAS-Reward Responsiveness, PA, and NA. A path between BIS and depression was distinct from the one involving morningness-eveningness. A variety of alternative path models all provided a weaker fit to the data. Thus, results were consistent with the BAS and PA mediating the effects of morningness-eveningness on depression.

AB - There is considerable evidence of circadian rhythm abnormalities in mood disorders. Morningness-eveningness, the degree to which people prefer organizing their activity and sleep patterns toward the morning or evening, is related to circadian phase and is associated with mood, with relatively greater psychological distress among evening types. Given that circadian rhythms may also relate to the Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and positive affect (PA), but not to the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) or negative affect (NA), it was hypothesized that individual differences in BAS sensitivity and levels of PA, but not BIS and NA, would explain the association between morningness-eveningness and depression in a sample of 208 individuals with a range of depressive symptomatology. As predicted, increasing eveningness was associated with greater depression, lower BAS, and lower PA, but not directly associated with NA. Path analyses supported a model wherein morningness-eveningness is associated with depression via multi-step indirect paths including BAS-Reward Responsiveness, PA, and NA. A path between BIS and depression was distinct from the one involving morningness-eveningness. A variety of alternative path models all provided a weaker fit to the data. Thus, results were consistent with the BAS and PA mediating the effects of morningness-eveningness on depression.

KW - Circadian rhythms

KW - Mood

KW - Mood disorders

KW - Motivation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949774703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949774703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.06.006

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.06.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 20132992

AN - SCOPUS:77949774703

VL - 176

SP - 166

EP - 173

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 2-3

ER -