Morphological and molecular characterisation of Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp. (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), an entomopathogenic nematode from Indonesia, and its phylogenetic relationships with other members of the genus

S Patricia Stock, Christine T. Griffin, Rani Chaerani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp., a new entomopathogenic nematode isolated from soil samples in the Moluccan islands, Indonesia, is described. Morphological observations as well as biological evidence (cross-hybridisation studies) indicate the distinctness of S. hermaphroditum n. sp. from other Steinernema spp. This new species is characterised by the presence of hermaphrodites in the first adult generation. Key morphological diagnostic characters include: a digitate tail with a mucro and a glandular spermatheca filled with sperm in the first generation hermaphrodite; the value of D%; the morphology of the male spicules and gubernaculum and the number and arrangement of the genital papillae; the values of D%, E% and the pattern of the lateral field of the third-stage infective juvenile. Additionally, molecular evidence obtained from ITS rDNA RFLP profiles, 28S rDNA sequence analyses, and phylogenetic reconstruction provide further evidence to establish this nematode as a new species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-412
Number of pages12
JournalNematology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Steinernematidae
Steinernema
hermaphrodite
entomopathogenic nematodes
nematode
Indonesia
Nematoda
new species
phylogenetics
spermatheca
male reproductive system
nematode larvae
spicule
phylogeny
sperm
genitalia
restriction fragment length polymorphism
tail
hybridization
soil sampling

Keywords

  • Description
  • Hermaphroditism
  • Molecular
  • Phylogeny
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Morphological and molecular characterisation of Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp. (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), an entomopathogenic nematode from Indonesia, and its phylogenetic relationships with other members of the genus",
abstract = "Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp., a new entomopathogenic nematode isolated from soil samples in the Moluccan islands, Indonesia, is described. Morphological observations as well as biological evidence (cross-hybridisation studies) indicate the distinctness of S. hermaphroditum n. sp. from other Steinernema spp. This new species is characterised by the presence of hermaphrodites in the first adult generation. Key morphological diagnostic characters include: a digitate tail with a mucro and a glandular spermatheca filled with sperm in the first generation hermaphrodite; the value of D{\%}; the morphology of the male spicules and gubernaculum and the number and arrangement of the genital papillae; the values of D{\%}, E{\%} and the pattern of the lateral field of the third-stage infective juvenile. Additionally, molecular evidence obtained from ITS rDNA RFLP profiles, 28S rDNA sequence analyses, and phylogenetic reconstruction provide further evidence to establish this nematode as a new species.",
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author = "Stock, {S Patricia} and Griffin, {Christine T.} and Rani Chaerani",
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T2 - Steinernematidae), an entomopathogenic nematode from Indonesia, and its phylogenetic relationships with other members of the genus

AU - Stock, S Patricia

AU - Griffin, Christine T.

AU - Chaerani, Rani

PY - 2004

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N2 - Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp., a new entomopathogenic nematode isolated from soil samples in the Moluccan islands, Indonesia, is described. Morphological observations as well as biological evidence (cross-hybridisation studies) indicate the distinctness of S. hermaphroditum n. sp. from other Steinernema spp. This new species is characterised by the presence of hermaphrodites in the first adult generation. Key morphological diagnostic characters include: a digitate tail with a mucro and a glandular spermatheca filled with sperm in the first generation hermaphrodite; the value of D%; the morphology of the male spicules and gubernaculum and the number and arrangement of the genital papillae; the values of D%, E% and the pattern of the lateral field of the third-stage infective juvenile. Additionally, molecular evidence obtained from ITS rDNA RFLP profiles, 28S rDNA sequence analyses, and phylogenetic reconstruction provide further evidence to establish this nematode as a new species.

AB - Steinernema hermaphroditum n. sp., a new entomopathogenic nematode isolated from soil samples in the Moluccan islands, Indonesia, is described. Morphological observations as well as biological evidence (cross-hybridisation studies) indicate the distinctness of S. hermaphroditum n. sp. from other Steinernema spp. This new species is characterised by the presence of hermaphrodites in the first adult generation. Key morphological diagnostic characters include: a digitate tail with a mucro and a glandular spermatheca filled with sperm in the first generation hermaphrodite; the value of D%; the morphology of the male spicules and gubernaculum and the number and arrangement of the genital papillae; the values of D%, E% and the pattern of the lateral field of the third-stage infective juvenile. Additionally, molecular evidence obtained from ITS rDNA RFLP profiles, 28S rDNA sequence analyses, and phylogenetic reconstruction provide further evidence to establish this nematode as a new species.

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