We study the motion of a charged particle with magnetic moment in external electromagnetic fields utilizing covariant unification of Gilbertian and Amperian descriptions of a particle magnetic dipole moment. Considering the case of a current loop, our approach is verified by comparing classical dynamics with the classical limit of relativistic quantum dynamics. We obtain the motion of a charged particle in the presence of an external linearly polarized electromagnetic (laser) plane-wave field incorporating the effect of spin dynamics. For specific laser-particle initial configurations, we determine that the Stern-Gerlach force can have a cumulative effect on the trajectory of charged particles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics