Moving beyond the fished or farmed dichotomy

Dane H. Klinger, Mary Turnipseed, James L. Anderson, Frank Asche, Larry B. Crowder, Atle G. Guttormsen, Benjamin S. Halpern, Mary I. O'Connor, Raphael D Sagarin, Kimberly A. Selkoe, Geoffrey G. Shester, Martin D. Smith, Peter Tyedmers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations


Seafood is widely considered to be either fished or farmed. In contrast to this perception, many types of seafood are produced by enterprises using a combination of techniques traditionally ascribed to either fisheries or aquaculture. Categorizing seafood as either fished or farmed obfuscates the growth potential and environmental impacts of global seafood production. To better capture seafood data, national and international record-keeping organizations should add a new hybrid category for seafood produced using both fisheries and aquaculture methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-374
Number of pages6
JournalMarine Policy
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013



  • Aquaculture
  • FAO
  • Fisheries
  • Sustainable seafood
  • Typology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Law
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Klinger, D. H., Turnipseed, M., Anderson, J. L., Asche, F., Crowder, L. B., Guttormsen, A. G., ... Tyedmers, P. (2013). Moving beyond the fished or farmed dichotomy. Marine Policy, 38, 369-374.