Multi-constellation ARAIM exploiting satellite geometry change

Mathieu Joerger, Boris Pervan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, a new time-sequential positioning and fault detection method is derived and analyzed for dual-frequency, multi-constellation Advanced Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (ARAIM). Unlike conventional 'snapshot' ARAIM, the time-sequential approach exploits changes in satellite geometry at the cost of higher computation and memory loads. From the perspective of a user on earth, GNSS satellite motion is small over less-than-ten-minute-long time intervals. But, the accumulated geometry variations of redundant satellites from multiple GNSS can be substantial. This paper quantifies the potential performance benefit brought by satellite motion to ARAIM. The first research challenge is to define raw GNSS code and carrier error models, which must account for measurement error correlation over time. These models must also be consistent with currently established ARAIM assumptions on carrier-smoothed code. The second step is to use these raw measurements in estimators and fault-detectors capable of exploiting geometric diversity for positioning, float carrier phase cycle ambiguity estimation, and integrity risk evaluation. In this example implementation, signals from multiple GNSS are arranged in a finite-interval batch-type estimator, and sequentially processed in a sliding window mechanism We derive a compact, computationally-efficient carrier-smoothed-code-based batch implementation. Fault detection is carried out using a multiple hypothesis batch-solution separation algorithm. Availability is analyzed worldwide for aircraft precision approach navigation applications. Results show dramatic performance improvements for batch ARAIM over snapshot ARAIM, not only to achieve 'localizer precision vertical' (LPV) requirements using depleted GPS and Galileo constellations, but also to fulfill much more stringent requirements including a ten meter vertical alert limit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication28th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2015
PublisherInstitute of Navigation
Pages2688-2704
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781510817258
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event28th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2015 - Tampa, United States
Duration: Sep 14 2015Sep 18 2015

Publication series

Name28th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2015
Volume4

Conference

Conference28th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2015
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period9/14/159/18/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Software

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