Multi-objective sensor placements with improved water quality models in a network with multiple junctions

R. G. Austin, C. Y. Choi, A. Preis, A. Ostfeld, K. Lansey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Concerns about the security of water distribution systems have lead to increased interest in sensor placement in water distribution systems. Due to the cost of both placing and maintaining these sensors, the number of sensors used must be limited. These constraints make the sensor deployment locations crucial in a water monitoring system. Many studies, based on differing algorithms and objective functions, have sought to determine ways to optimize sensor location. These studies have largely relied on current water quality models that assume perfect mixing at pipe junctions. However, it has been shown that using a water quality model that accounts for imperfect mixing (AZRED) at pipe intersections produces outcomes that differ from those produced by studies that assume perfect mixing and, consequently produces a different scheme for optimal sensor placement. The current work uses a multiobjective approach that relies on the non-dominated, sorted algorithm II. The study seeks, first, to contrast the use of the AZRED water-quality model to the use of water quality models that assume perfect mixing, and, second, to propose a more comprehensive approach to sensor placement. By using a simpler objective of optimizing for complete sensor coverage, the study will expand on pervious work that made this comparison. An example network is analyzed using both AZRED and EPANET, and the results are compared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009
Subtitle of host publicationGreat Rivers
Pages451-459
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2009
EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers - Kansas City, MO, United States
Duration: May 17 2009May 21 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
Volume342

Other

OtherWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City, MO
Period5/17/095/21/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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    Austin, R. G., Choi, C. Y., Preis, A., Ostfeld, A., & Lansey, K. (2009). Multi-objective sensor placements with improved water quality models in a network with multiple junctions. In Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers (pp. 451-459). (Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers; Vol. 342). https://doi.org/10.1061/41036(342)44