Multicenter Validation of the Revised Assessment of Bleeding and Transfusion (RABT) Score for Predicting Massive Transfusion

Kamil Hanna, Charles Harris, Marc D. Trust, Andrew Bernard, Carlos Brown, Mohammad Hamidi, Bellal Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Massive transfusion (MT) is a lifesaving treatment for hemorrhaging patients. Predicting the need for MT is crucial to improve survival. The aim of our study was to validate the Revised Assessment of Bleeding and Transfusion (RABT) score to predict MT in a multicenter cohort of trauma patients. Methods: We performed a (2015–2017) analysis of adult (age ≥ 18 year) trauma patients who had a high-level trauma team activation at three Level I trauma centers. The RABT was calculated using the 4-point score [blunt (0)/penetrating trauma (1), shock index ≥ 1 (1), pelvic fracture (1), and FAST positive (1)]. A RABT score of ≥ 2 was used to predict MT (≥ 10 units of packed red blood cells within 24 h). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was calculated to assess the score’s predictive power compared to the Assessment of Blood Consumption (ABC) score. Results: We analyzed 1018 patients: 216 (facility I), 363 (facility II), and 439 (facility III). The mean age was 41 ± 19 year, and the injury severity score (ISS) was 29 [22–36]. The overall MT rate was 19%. The overall AUROC of RABT ≥ 2 was 0.89. The sensitivity of the RABT ≥ 2 was 78%, and the specificity was 91%. The RABT score had a higher sensitivity (78% vs. 69%) and specificity (91% vs. 82%) than the ABC score. Conclusion: The RABT score is a valid tool to predict MT in severely injured trauma patients. It is an objective score that aids clinicians in predicting the need for MT to mobilize blood products and minimize the waste of resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1816
Number of pages10
JournalWorld journal of surgery
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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