Macaques are important models for menopause and associated diseases in women. A sensitive, noninvasive technique for quantifying changes in ovarian morphology would facilitate longitudinal studies focused on the health-related sequelae of naturally occurring or experimentally induced alterations in ovarian structure and function. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a fast, non-invasive imaging technique that uses X-rays, multiple rows of detectors, and computers to generate detailed slice images of structures. The purpose of this study was to describe the utility of MDCT for reliably characterizing ovarian morphology in macaques. Five macaques were scanned using contrast-enhanced MDCT. The following characteristics were described: 1) appearance of ovaries and adjacent landmarks, 2) effects of varying technical protocols on ovarian image quality, 3) radiation doses delivered to the pelvic region during scanning, and 4) MDCT estimates of ovarian volume and antral follicle counts versus those measured directly in ovarian tissue. Ovaries were distinguishable in all MDCT scans and exhibited heterogeneous contrast enhancement. Antral follicles appeared as focal areas of nonenhancement. Ovarian image quality with 5 pediatric scanning protocols was sufficient for discriminating ovarian margins. Pelvic region radiation doses ranged from 0.5 to 0.7 rad. Antral follicles counted using MDCT ranged from 3 to 5 compared with 3 to 4 counted using histology. Ovarian volumes measured using MDCT ranged from 0.41 to 0.67 ml compared with 0.40 to 0.65 ml by water displacement. MDCT is a promising technique for measuring longitudinal changes in macaque ovarian morphology reliably and noninvasively.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science|
|State||Published - Sep 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology