Multimodal Characterization of the Morphology and Functional Interfaces in Composite Electrodes for Li-S Batteries by Li Ion and Electron Beams

Vladimir P. Oleshko, Andrew A. Herzing, Kevin A. Twedt, Jared J. Griebel, Jabez J. McClelland, Dong-Chul Pyun, Christopher L. Soles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the characterization of multiscale 3D structural architectures of novel poly[sulfur-random-(1,3-diisopropenylbenzene)] copolymer-based cathodes for high-energy-density Li-S batteries capable of realizing discharge capacities >1000 mAh/g and long cycling lifetimes >500 cycles. Hierarchical morphologies and interfacial structures have been investigated by a combination of focused Li ion beam (LiFIB) and analytical electron microscopy in relation to the electrochemical performance and physicomechanical stability of the cathodes. Charge-free surface topography and composition-sensitive imaging of the electrodes was performed using recently introduced low-energy scanning LiFIB with Li+ probe sizes of a few tens of nanometers at 5 keV energy and 1 pA probe current. Furthermore, we demonstrate that LiFIB has the ability to inject a certain number of Li cations into the material with nanoscale precision, potentially enabling control of the state of discharge in the selected area. We show that chemical modification of the cathodes by replacing the elemental sulfur with organosulfur copolymers significantly improves its structural integrity and compositional homogeneity down to the sub-5-nm length scale, resulting in the creation of (a) robust functional interfaces and percolated conductive pathways involving graphitic-like outer shells of aggregated nanocarbons and (b) extended micro- and mesoscale porosities required for effective ion transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9361-9377
Number of pages17
JournalLangmuir
Volume33
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2017

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Ion beams
electric batteries
Electron beams
Cathodes
cathodes
ion beams
electron beams
Sulfur
Electrodes
composite materials
electrodes
copolymers
Composite materials
sulfur
Copolymers
cycles
probes
Chemical modification
Surface topography
Structural integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Multimodal Characterization of the Morphology and Functional Interfaces in Composite Electrodes for Li-S Batteries by Li Ion and Electron Beams. / Oleshko, Vladimir P.; Herzing, Andrew A.; Twedt, Kevin A.; Griebel, Jared J.; McClelland, Jabez J.; Pyun, Dong-Chul; Soles, Christopher L.

In: Langmuir, Vol. 33, No. 37, 19.09.2017, p. 9361-9377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oleshko, Vladimir P. ; Herzing, Andrew A. ; Twedt, Kevin A. ; Griebel, Jared J. ; McClelland, Jabez J. ; Pyun, Dong-Chul ; Soles, Christopher L. / Multimodal Characterization of the Morphology and Functional Interfaces in Composite Electrodes for Li-S Batteries by Li Ion and Electron Beams. In: Langmuir. 2017 ; Vol. 33, No. 37. pp. 9361-9377.
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