Multiplicity of solid organ injury: Influence on management and outcomes after blunt abdominal trauma

Ajai K. Malhotra, Rifat Latifi, Timothy C. Fabian, Rao R. Ivatury, S. Dhage, Tiffany K. Bee, Preston R. Miller, Martin A. Croce, Jay A. Yelon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The current study was undertaken to examine how concomitant injury to liver andspleen after blunt abdominal trauma affects management and outcomes. Methods: This study was a retrospective chart review of all blunt abdominal trauma patients admitted with a diagnosis of liver or spleen injury at two Level I trauma centers over a 4-year period. Presentation, injury grade, management, and outcomes were analyzed. Patients with single-organ injury (liver or spleen) were compared with patients having injury to both organs(liver and spleen). Significance was set at 95% confidence intervals. Results: Of 1,288 patients who met entry criteria, 1,125 had single (spleen, 573; liver, 552) organ injury (group S) and 163 had injury to both organs (group B). Group B patients had significantly higher Injury Severity Score, higher admission lactate, and lower admission systolic blood pressure and base excess. Eighty-one percent (915 of 1,125) of group S and 69% (112of 163) of group B patients were managed nonoperatively (p < 0.05). Of the nonoperatively managed patients, 5.8% (53 of 915) in group S and 11.6% (13 of 112) in group B failed this form of therapy (p < 0.05). Higher failure rate in group B was because of bleeding from injuredsolid organ(s), and not non-solid organ related failures. Mortality, intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay, and transfusion requirementswere all significantly higher in group B.Conclusion Blunt trauma patients with concomitant injury to liver and spleen have higher Injury Severity Score, mortality, lengths of stay, and transfusionrequirements. There is a higher failure rate with nonoperative management, and therefore extra vigilance is warranted when choosing this form of therapy in the presence of injury to both organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)925-929
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

Keywords

  • Blunt abdominal trauma
  • Liver
  • Multiple injuries
  • Nonoperative management
  • Outcomes
  • Solid organ injury
  • Spleen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Malhotra, A. K., Latifi, R., Fabian, T. C., Ivatury, R. R., Dhage, S., Bee, T. K., Miller, P. R., Croce, M. A., & Yelon, J. A. (2003). Multiplicity of solid organ injury: Influence on management and outcomes after blunt abdominal trauma. Journal of Trauma, 52(5), 925-929. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.TA.0000066182.67385.86