Nanoassembly control and optical absorption in CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films

Barrett G Potter, R. J. Beal, C. G. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spatial distribution of CdTe nanoparticles within a ZnO thin-film matrix was manipulated using a dual-source, sequential radio-frequency (RF)-sputter deposition technique to produce nanocomposite materials with tuned spectral absorption characteristics. The relative substrate exposure time to each sputtering source was used to control the semiconductor phase connectivity, both within the film plane and along the film growth direction, to influence the degree of photocarrier confinement and the resulting optical transition energies exhibited by the CdTe phase. Significant changes (up to δE ≈ 0.3 eV) in the absorption onset energy for the CdTe nanoparticle ensemble were produced through modification in the extended structure of the semiconductor phase. Raman spectroscopy, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction were used to confirm the phase identity of the CdTe and ZnO and to characterize the nanostructures produced in these composite films. Isochronal annealing for 5 min at temperatures up to 800 C further indicated the potential to improve film crystallinity as well as to establish the post-deposition thermal processing limits of stability for the semiconductor phase. The study highlights the significance of ensemble behavior as a means to influence quantum-scale semiconductor optical characteristics of import to the use of such materials as the basis for a variety of optoelectronic devices, including photosensitized heterojunction components in thin film photovoltaics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034305
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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nanocomposites
optical absorption
thin films
nanoparticles
energy absorption
optoelectronic devices
optical transition
heterojunctions
crystallinity
radio frequencies
spatial distribution
x ray diffraction
Raman spectroscopy
sputtering
absorption spectra
transmission electron microscopy
annealing
composite materials
matrices
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nanoassembly control and optical absorption in CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films. / Potter, Barrett G; Beal, R. J.; Allen, C. G.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, No. 3, 034305, 01.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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