Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem

implications for plant water use

A. J. Midwood, T. W. Boutton, S. E. Watts, Steve Archer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Rio Grande Plains of southern Texas, subtropical thorn woodland has replaced relatively open grassland/savanna during the past 200 years. To investigate potential changes in the hydrologic cycle of this system, the authors determined the natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil water and plant water in three habitats representing a successional chronosequence in the transition from open grassland to closed canopy woodland. Precipitation was isotopically identical with groundwater and fell on the meteoric water line with a weighted mean δ2H of -22per mill and a weighted mean δ18O of -4.3per mill. δ2H and δ18O of precipitation did not vary seasonally, but showed a significant 'amount effect'. Correlations between δ2H and δ18O of soil water indicated higher evaporation rates in wooded areas than in grassland. It is suggested that this result does not reflect higher evaporation rates, but rapid drying of the soil via transpiration followed by kinetic fractionation associated with evaporation in dry soils. δ2H and δ18O of plant and soil water indicated that more recently established woody plants associated with earlier successional stages had shallower root systems and obtained water from the upper 150 cm of the soil profile, while those associated with later successional stages had deeper root systems and acquired water below that depth. By reducing transpirational leaf area and root biomass in the grass layer, long term grazing in this former grassland may have enabled deeper infiltration of soil water, creating an opportunity for development of a community dominated by more deeply rooted woody plant species capable of exploiting this deeper water resource.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series
PublisherPubl by IAEA
Pages419-431
Number of pages13
Edition329 pt 7
ISBN (Print)9201032935
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the International Symposium on Applications of Isotope Techniques in Studying Past and Current Environmental Changes in the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Apr 19 1993Apr 23 1993

Other

OtherProceedings of the International Symposium on Applications of Isotope Techniques in Studying Past and Current Environmental Changes in the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere
CityVienna, Austria
Period4/19/934/23/93

Fingerprint

Soil moisture
Ecosystems
Rain
Soils
Water
Evaporation
Water piping systems
Transpiration
Fractionation
Water resources
Infiltration
Groundwater
Drying
Biomass
Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Midwood, A. J., Boutton, T. W., Watts, S. E., & Archer, S. (1993). Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem: implications for plant water use. In International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series (329 pt 7 ed., pp. 419-431). Publ by IAEA.

Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem : implications for plant water use. / Midwood, A. J.; Boutton, T. W.; Watts, S. E.; Archer, Steve.

International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series. 329 pt 7. ed. Publ by IAEA, 1993. p. 419-431.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Midwood, AJ, Boutton, TW, Watts, SE & Archer, S 1993, Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem: implications for plant water use. in International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series. 329 pt 7 edn, Publ by IAEA, pp. 419-431, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Applications of Isotope Techniques in Studying Past and Current Environmental Changes in the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere, Vienna, Austria, 4/19/93.
Midwood AJ, Boutton TW, Watts SE, Archer S. Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem: implications for plant water use. In International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series. 329 pt 7 ed. Publ by IAEA. 1993. p. 419-431
Midwood, A. J. ; Boutton, T. W. ; Watts, S. E. ; Archer, Steve. / Natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil moisture and plants in a subtropical thorn woodland ecosystem : implications for plant water use. International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series. 329 pt 7. ed. Publ by IAEA, 1993. pp. 419-431
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abstract = "In the Rio Grande Plains of southern Texas, subtropical thorn woodland has replaced relatively open grassland/savanna during the past 200 years. To investigate potential changes in the hydrologic cycle of this system, the authors determined the natural abundance of 2H and 18O in rainfall, soil water and plant water in three habitats representing a successional chronosequence in the transition from open grassland to closed canopy woodland. Precipitation was isotopically identical with groundwater and fell on the meteoric water line with a weighted mean δ2H of -22per mill and a weighted mean δ18O of -4.3per mill. δ2H and δ18O of precipitation did not vary seasonally, but showed a significant 'amount effect'. Correlations between δ2H and δ18O of soil water indicated higher evaporation rates in wooded areas than in grassland. It is suggested that this result does not reflect higher evaporation rates, but rapid drying of the soil via transpiration followed by kinetic fractionation associated with evaporation in dry soils. δ2H and δ18O of plant and soil water indicated that more recently established woody plants associated with earlier successional stages had shallower root systems and obtained water from the upper 150 cm of the soil profile, while those associated with later successional stages had deeper root systems and acquired water below that depth. By reducing transpirational leaf area and root biomass in the grass layer, long term grazing in this former grassland may have enabled deeper infiltration of soil water, creating an opportunity for development of a community dominated by more deeply rooted woody plant species capable of exploiting this deeper water resource.",
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