Natural production of chloroform by fungi

Eddo J. Hoekstra, Frank J M Verhagen, James A Field, Ed W B D De Leer, Udo A Th Brinkman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chloroform production was detected in the headspace of pure cultures of the basidiomycetes Mycena metata and Peniophora pseudopini and the deuteromycete Caldariomyces fumago. The average production rates were in the range of 0.07-70 μg/l culture fluid/day for Caldariomyces fumago and 0.7-40 ng/1 culture fluid/day for the basidiomycetes; they depended on the composition of the medium, pH and the initial concentration of oxygen. In incidental cases, chloroform was identified in the headspace of pure cultures of the basidiomycetes Agaricus arvensis, Bjerkandera sp. BOS55, and Phellinus pini. It is suggested that fungi are important sources of elevated concentrations of chloroform in soil air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Basidiomycota
Chloroform
Fungi
chloroform
headspace analysis
fungi
Bjerkandera
Phellinus pini
Peniophora
Coriolaceae
Mycena
Mitosporic Fungi
Agaricus
Deuteromycotina
Fluids
soil air
Soil
Air
Oxygen
Soils

Keywords

  • Basidiomycetes
  • Caldariomyces fumago
  • Chloroform
  • Deuteromycetes
  • Mycena metata
  • Natural production
  • Peniophora pseudopini

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Hoekstra, E. J., Verhagen, F. J. M., Field, J. A., De Leer, E. W. B. D., & Brinkman, U. A. T. (1998). Natural production of chloroform by fungi. Phytochemistry, 49(1), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00984-9

Natural production of chloroform by fungi. / Hoekstra, Eddo J.; Verhagen, Frank J M; Field, James A; De Leer, Ed W B D; Brinkman, Udo A Th.

In: Phytochemistry, Vol. 49, No. 1, 03.09.1998, p. 91-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoekstra, EJ, Verhagen, FJM, Field, JA, De Leer, EWBD & Brinkman, UAT 1998, 'Natural production of chloroform by fungi', Phytochemistry, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00984-9
Hoekstra EJ, Verhagen FJM, Field JA, De Leer EWBD, Brinkman UAT. Natural production of chloroform by fungi. Phytochemistry. 1998 Sep 3;49(1):91-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00984-9
Hoekstra, Eddo J. ; Verhagen, Frank J M ; Field, James A ; De Leer, Ed W B D ; Brinkman, Udo A Th. / Natural production of chloroform by fungi. In: Phytochemistry. 1998 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 91-97.
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